Japanese Language Blog

U Verbs In the Present Indicative Tense Posted by on Sep 12, 2009 in Grammar

Depending on the person, u verbs can be called godan (ごだん) verbs or class 1/group 1 verbs. Below is a list of verbs that may belong to this group:

verbs that end in su in the infinitive: hanasu (はなす) to talk

Present indicate tense: hanashimas (はなします)(話します)

verbs that end in ku: kiku (きく) to hear

PI: kikimasu (ききます)(聞きます)

Verbs that end in gu: isogu (いそぐ) to hurry

PI: isogimasu (いそぎます)(急ぎます)

verbs that end in bu: asobu (あそぶ) to play

PI: asobimasu (あそびます)(遊びます)

verbs that end in tsu: matsu (まつ) to wait

PI: machimasu (まちます)(待ちます)

verbs that end in mu: yomu (よむ) to read

PI: yomimasu (よみます)(読みます)

verbs that end in nu: shinu (しぬ) to die

PI: shinimas (しにます)(死にます)

verbs that end in au: harau (はらう) to pay

PI: haraimasu (はらいます)(払います)

verbs that end in ru: tsukuru (つくる) to make

PI: tsukurimasu (つくります)(作ります)

Be careful with the u verbs. In the present tense, it’s not enough to just take the u off and add mas to the stem of the verb. For example, hanasu is formed in the present tense by 1) dropping the u 2)adding a shi sound instead of a s sound 3) add mas to the hanashi. Also, take a look at the verb tsukuru, which ends in ru. At first glance, you might think this is a ru verb. However, it’s not. I’m going to go into more detail (in the next post) about some ways you can use some clues to tell whether a ru verb is really an ru verb or an u verb.

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