How to Count Age in Korean (Part 2) Posted by FlyHighOyster on Feb 11, 2020 in Grammar, Korean Language, Vocabulary
As I promised last month, I am committed to teach you how to count age in Korean this time. As you know Korean has two numerical systems. One is the Sino Korean system and the other is the native Korean system. Sino Korean system is used for dates, money, addresses, phone numbers, and minutes and seconds. The native Korean system is used for counting, ages, and for hours.
If you have been diligently practicing how to count money, it is a time to shift gear to learning native Korean number system. For your benefit, I strongly recommend you review the Sino Korean system from last month’s post before we start learning the native Korean numbering system. https://blogs.transparent.com/korean/how-to-count-money-in-korean-post-1/
Now, let’s review 1-100 in native Korean.
- 1 하나 (ha-na : one)
- 2 둘 (dhul: two)
- 3 셋 (sehtt: three)
- 4 넷 (nehtt: four)
- 5 다섯 (da-seot: five)
- 6 여섯 (yeo-seot: six)
- 7 일곱 (il-gop: seven)
- 8 여덟 (yuh-deol: eight)
- 9 아홉 (ah-hop: nine)
- 10 열 (yeol: ten)
- 20 스물 (su-mul: twenty)
- 30 서른 (so-run: thirty)
- 40 마흔 (ma-hun: forty)
- 50 쉰 (shween: fifty)
- 60 예순 (ye-sun: sixty)
- 70 일흔 (ii-run: seventy)
- 80 여든 (yo-dun: eighty)
- 90 아흔 (a-hun: ninety)
- 100 백 (baek: hundred)
Let’s take a closer look at how to count ages with two digits of numbers in native Korean number system. It is simpler than you may think. Let me give you some examples.
- 11열하나 (yeol-ha-na: eleven)
- 12 열둘 (yeol-dul: twelve)
- 13 열셋 (yeol-set: thirteen)
- 14 열넷 (yeol-net: fourteen)
- 25 스물 다섯 (su-mul-da-seot: twenty-five)
- 26 스물 여섯 (yeo-seot: twenty-six)
- 37 서른 일곱 (so-run -il-gop: thirty-seven)
- 48 마흔 여덟 (ma-hun- yuh-deol: forty-eight)
- 59 쉰 아홉 (shween -ah-hop: fifty-nine)
If you are someone with longevity in your genes, you might want to learn how to count age over 100. Don’t worry. It is easier than you think.
- 101 백 하나 (baek-ha-na: one hundred-one)
When you count age, you simply add –살 (-sal: -years old) after numbers. Therefore, if you want to count 72 years old, you say:
- 72 이른 두 살 (ii-run-dhu-sal: seventy-two years old)
*둘 (dhul) loses ‘-ㄹ’ before 살 (sal) for smooth pronunciation.
Now, I want you to practice counting ages in Korean below. Say them out loud.
- 20 스무 살 (su-moo-sal: 20 years old)
* 스물 (su-mul) loses ‘-ㄹ’ before 살 (sal) for better pronunciation.
- 69 예순 아홉 살 (ye-sun- ah-hop: sixty- nine years old)
- 73 이른 세 살 (ii-run-she-sal: seventy-three years old)
*셋 (sehtt) loses ‘-ㅅ’ before 살(sal) for smooth pronunciation
- 86여든 여섯 살 (yo-dun- yeo-seot-sal: eighty-six years old)
- 92 아흔 두 살 (a-hun-dhu-sal: ninety-two years old)
* 둘 (dhul) loses ‘-ㄹ’ before 살 (sal) for better pronunciation
I hope my posts can help you learn two different numeric systems in Korean. It is okay to make mistakes, but don’t stop practicing them. The more you say it out loud, the more it will stick in your head. Let’s keep practicing until you can confidently count numbers in Korean.