Latin Language Blog

Plurals Posted by on Feb 24, 2010 in Latin Language

Now that we know how to say, “I am”, “You are”, and “He/She/It is” is Latin, let’s learn how to say, “We are”, “You all are” and “They are” in Latin.

Sumus = we are

Estis = you all are

Sunt = they are

Notice that unlike the group we saw last time, “sumus“, “estis” and “sunt” involve more than one person. First, I’ll provide an example of what happens to the noun when the subject is plural. See if you can detect a change:

Sunt nautae = They are sailors.

The noun nauta = sailor, but the noun nautae = sailors.

Basically the “a” changes to an “ae”. A lot of first declension nouns will fall in this category, and you’ll notice that a lot of feminine nouns fall in this category.

Also, knowing this will help in translating some of the sentences :

Ego = I

Ok, time to do some translating!

(1) Sumus fēminae

(1a) Sum fēmina

(fēmina = woman, wife)

(2) Dea es.

(2a) Deae estis.

(dea = goddess)

(3) Sunt fīlia.

(3a) Fīliae est.

(fīlia = daughter)

(4) Ego sum puella.

(4a) Sum ego puella.

(4b) Puella ego sum.

(4c) Puella sum.

(4d) Puellae Sumus.

(puella = girls.)

Let’s focus on the fourth set of sentences. Sentences 4 to 4c all share the same meaning, “I am a girl”. In Latin, “Ego” isn’t really necessary, but sometimes used for emphasis.

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