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We have covered basic color vocabulary on this blog before. However, it goes without saying that a direct translation from the learner’s first language into Russian will not work for all nouns. How do you say brown hair, blue eyes, or black horse? If you answered, “
коричневые волосы,” “синие глаза,” or “чёрная лошадь,” keep reading to learn about some special cases.
Just as in English you may not choose to say “yellow hair” — unless you mean to be unflattering — you do not say “жёлтые волосы” or “белые волосы” in Russian. Blond hair has its own names in Russian.
Predictably, a blond(e) person is called блондин (male) or блондинка (female). Register-wise, this word sounds like it belongs in a fashion magazine, and you probably wouldn’t call your cute 4-year-old niece “блондинка,” unless you were trying to be ironic. To my ears, this sound too “adult.”
Light or fair hair may be called светлые волосы. What I’ve encountered in the US (folks from other countries, how is it where you live?) is that all hair colors lighter than mid- to dark brown are called “blond,” be it “beach blonde” or “dirty blond.” In Russian, the light brown/dark blond hues are normally referred to as русый. This may be used both about the person and their hair — русые волосы and русый парень (a guy with light brown hair).
On a related note, gray or white hair (hair that’s lost its pigment) is called седые волосы. Brown hair is never called
коричевые волосы — use каштановые волосы (chestnut hair) or тёмные волосы (dark hair) instead.
Talking about eyes also isn’t straightforward in Russian. As you will remember, Russian has two words for blue — голубой for light blue and синий for dark blue. Speakers of Russian have been found to distinguish shades of blue better than non-speakers.
Blue eyes are usually called голубые глаза. Синие глаза is reserved for an unusually deep/dark hue of blue.
Similarly, we don’t say
коричневые глаза for brown eyes. The usual phrase is карие глаза.
A final area that has specific color names that I will cover in this post is horse coat color. Somewhat counterintuitively, a black horse is called вороная лошадь.
A brown horse is called гнедая лошадь. According to Wikipedia, this word comes from the Czech for “brown,” hnědá.
Have you come across any of these colors in Russian news or books? What other colors do you find challenging or interesting?