Spanish Lesson Beginner 9 Family, the verb “ser” and possessive determiners Posted by Laura & Adam on Dec 8, 2010 in Spanish Grammar, Spanish Vocabulary, Videos
¡Hola! ¿Cómo estáis?
Today, we will see how to speak about the family in Spanish using el verbo “ser”, which is the verb “to be” in English, and possessive determiners. There is some very useful and fundamental information in this lesson. I hope you find it interesting.
First, let´s see some vocabulary related to the family in Spanish:
Hermanos: brothers and sisters
Tíos: uncle & aunt
Sobrinos: nephews and nieces
Primo: cousin (male)
Prima: consin (female)
el / la: the
los / las: the
If you would like to talk about and describe your family in Spanish you will need to use the verb “to be” – el verbo “ser”. This is the equivalent to “I am”, “you are”, “he/she/it is”, “we are”, “you are” and “they are” in English and is one of the most important and fundamental verbs to master:
(Yo) soy: I am
(Tú) eres: You are (one person / informal)
(Usted) es: You are (one person / formal)
(Él) es: He is
(Ella) es: She is
(Nosotros) somos: We are
(Vosotros) sois: You (group) are(informal)
(Ustedes) son: You (group) are (formal)
(Ellos/ellas) son: They are
Soy Laura: I am Laura
¿Eres Antonio?: Are you Antonio?
¿Sois Antonio y Ana?: Are you Antonio and Ana?
No soy: I am not
You should note that in Spanish we do not use possessive apostrophes. With this I mean that if you want to say “I am Ana´s sister” you will have to say “I am the sister of Ana” which is “Soy la hermana de Ana”. Let´s see some other examples of this type sentence:
¿Eres el hijo de Pablo?: Are you Pablo’s son?
Pedro es el tío de Miguel: Pedro is Miguel’s uncle
Somos los nietos de Tina: We are Tina’s grandchildren.
¿Sois los hermanos de Juan? Are you Juan’s brother and sister?
Clara y Roberto son marido y mujer: Clara and Roberto are husband and wife.
It is also important to be familiar with the possessive determiners. In English the possessive determiners are my, your, his, her, our and their. Let’s see how they are in Spanish:
Mi/ mis: my
Sonia es mi prima: Sonia is my cousin
Antonio y Patricia son mis sobrinos: Antonio and Patricia are my nephew and niece
Tu/tus: your (informal/one person)
¿María es tu prima?/ ¿Es María tu prima?: Is María your cousin?
¿Son Pedro y Rosa tus hermanos?: Are Pedro and Rosa your bother and sister?
Su/ sus: your (formal/one person and group), his, her, their
Sara es su madre: Sara is his mother
Ellos no son sus padres: They are not his parents
José es nuestro padre: José is our father
Vuestro/a/os/as: your (informal/group)
¿Son vuestras hermanas?: Are they your sisters?
Well, this is all for today. I hope this information helps you to feel more confident when making your own sentences in Spanish. Try to give it a go and write a paragraph about your family using these types of sentences and read them out loud to also practice the pronunciation. This will help you to remember the vocabulary and it will give you confidence for when you need to use them in a real situation.
I wish you a lovely week and look forward to our next lesson.
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