Beginner Spanish Review Lesson 32 Using Spanish verbs Tener que, Deber, Hay que Posted by on Jun 18, 2013 in Spanish Grammar, Spanish Vocabulary, Videos

Hola ¿Cómo estáis?

Today we are going to practice obligations and suggestions in Spanish using the Spanish verbs Tener que, Deber and Hay que.

Answers to all tasks involved in this lesson will be given at the end of the post and you can also follow a link with this post to watch the original theory video lesson on the same topic.

To go back and watch the original video lesson please follow this link:

Using Spanish verbs Tener que, Deber, Hay que

1. First, let´s practice the Spanish verbs Tener que and Deber. I will say a person (yo, tú, él, etc) and I would like you to try to conjugate the verb correctly: (For example with the verb Tener que: Ellos – Tienen que)


Now with “deber”:

2. Let´s see now if you understand these Spanish sentences which all use Tener que:

Tenemos que ir al supermercado.
¿Tienes que estudiar?
Mi hermano tiene que trabajar mucho.
Tengo que comprar naranjas.
Ustedes tienen que comer verduras.
Tenéis que estudiar idiomas.

3. Next, let´s see if you understand these Spanish sentences which all use Deber:

Usted debe beber más agua.
Mi hijo debe estudiar más.
Debo comprar menos zapatos.
Debemos limpiar la casa.
Debes visitar a tus abuelos.
Ellos deben hablar más despacio.

4. Can you translate these sentences, which all use Hay que, from Spanish to English:

Hay que beber mucha agua.
Hay que estudiar más.
Hay que dormir más.
Hay que leer.
Hay que ir a la cama temprano.
Hay que desayunar.

5. Finally let´s see if you can translate these sentences from English to Spanish:

One has to eat fruit.
I must call my mother.
We have to buy a new TV.
My sister has to come here.
One has to say “please” and “thank you”.
They must watch this film.

Bueno, pues esto es todo por hoy.

I hope after this practice lesson you feel more confident expressing obligations and making suggestions in Spanish. If not, I recommend you watch the original theory video lesson again until you have clear in your head the three ways of making these sentences.

Have a nice week y hasta pronto!

I hope you are enjoying my weekly interactive Spanish lessons. Follow this link for many more great resources to help you learn and practice Spanish.


Nosotros tenemos que
Usted tiene que
Tú tienes que
Ellos tienen que
Vosotros debéis
Yo debo
Ella debe
Ustedes deben

We have to go to the supermarket.
Do you have to study?
My brother has to work a lot.
I have to buy oranges.
You have toe at vegetables (group/formal)
You have to study languages (group/friendly)

You must drink more water (one person/formal)
My son must study more.
I must buy less shoes.
We must clean the house.
You must visit your grandparents. (one person/friendly)
They must talk slower.

One has to drink a lot of water.
One has to study more.
One has to sleep more.
One has to read.
One has to go to bed early.
One has to eat breakfast.

Hay que comer fruta.
Debo llamar a mi madre.
Tenemos que comprar una tele nueva.
Mi hermana tiene que venir aquí.
Hay que decir “por favor” y “gracias”.
Deben ver esta película.

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About the Author: Laura & Adam

Laura & Adam have been blogging and creating online Spanish courses for Transparent Language since 2010. Laura is from Bilbao in northern Spain and Adam is from Devon in the south of England. They lived together in Spain for over 10 years, where their 2 daughters were born, and now they live in Scotland. Both Laura & Adam qualified as foreign language teachers in 2004 and since have been teaching Spanish in Spain, the UK, and online.


  1. Bindas Bol:


    Nice info for learning spanish language. It will help for beginners to learn spanish language. Keep posting new spanish sentences with english translation.

    Bindas Bol

  2. Miss Marty:

    Laura, thank you so much for continuing this blog!! It helps me tremendously!

  3. alojamiento rural rioja:

    Beginner Spanish Review Lesson 32 Using Spanish verbs Tener que, Deber, Hay que | Spanish Language Blog, ¿Que mas nos puedes explicar?, me resulta insterense esta informacion. Saludos.