Present Subjunctive – Presente de Subjuntivo Posted by on Jul 14, 2010 in Videos

¿Hola a todos, cómo estáis?

En este video vamos a ver la forma del Presente de Subjuntivo. Veremos cuándo usamos este tiempo en futuros vídeos.

In this video we are going to look at the form of the Spanish Present Subjunctive grammar tense. We will see the uses of this tense in upcoming videos.

In Spanish the use of the Subjunctive is much more common than in English and it can be a little tricky at first to learn. The Spanish Presente de Subjuntivo translates to the regular Present Tense in English (I work, I dance, I eat…), but in Spanish we use it in different situations than we use the regular Present Tense.

-AR endings: (like the other Present Tense, but swapping the “a” from the ending for an “e”/ Yo also has an “e” rather than an “o”)
-o: yo hable (I speak)
-as: tú hables (you speak)
-a: usted hable (you speak) (formal)
-a: el / ella hable (he/she speaks)
-amos: nosotros hablemos (we speak)
-áis: vosotros habléis (you speak)) (group)
-an: ustedes hablen (you speak) (group/formal)
-an: ellos hablen (they speak)

-ER  ending: (Like the other Present Tense, but swapping the “e” from the ending for an “a”/ “Yo” also has an “a” rather than an “o” )
-o: yo coma (I eat)
-es: tú comas (you eat)
-e: usted coma (you eat) (formal)
-e: el / ella coma (he/she eats)
-emos: nosotros comamos (we eat)
-éis: vosotros comáis (you eat) (group)
-en: ustedes coman (you eat) (group/formal)
-en: ellos coman (they eat)
-IR endings: (Like the other Present Tense, but swapping the “e” or the “i” from the ending for an “a”/ “Yo” also has an “a” rather than an “o” and “vosotros” adds an “a”)
-o: yo viva (I live)
-es: tú vivas (you live)
-e: usted viva (you live) (formal)
-e: el / ella viva (he/she lives)
-imos: nosotros vivamos (we live)
-ís: vosotros viváis (you live) (group)
-en: ustedes vivan (you live) (group/formal)
-en: ellos vivan (they live)

That´s all for today, I hope you´ve enjoyed the lesson and don´t forget we will see the different uses of Presente de Subjuntivo in the next Intermediate level videos. Adios!

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About the Author: Laura & Adam

Laura & Adam have been blogging and creating online Spanish courses for Transparent Language since 2010. Laura is from Bilbao in northern Spain and Adam is from Devon in the south of England. They lived together in Spain for over 10 years, where their 2 daughters were born, and now they live in Scotland. Both Laura & Adam qualified as foreign language teachers in 2004 and since have been teaching Spanish in Spain, the UK, and online.


  1. andreas:

    ¡Hola, Laura!
    El vídeo es como siempre muy útil, pero no es de esta lección.

  2. David Carmona:

    Tienes razón, Andreas. Tenemos el vídeo correcto para esta lección, y vamos a solucionarlo enseguida.