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Spanish Lesson Intermediate 3 – Tips to learn the irregular verbs of El Presente de Subjuntivo Posted by on Aug 11, 2010 in Pronunciation, Spanish Grammar, Spanish Vocabulary, Videos

¡Hola! ¿Qué tal estáis?

Today we are going to see the present subjunctive (presente de subjuntivo) tense of irregular verbs. It is difficult to remember all the different tenses for all irregular verbs, so I am going to show you some useful tips that will make it easier. I hope they help.

Basically, the key with the present subjunctive is to make sure that you are confident with the present tense of irregular verbs first. Once you are familiar with these irregular verbs you just have to modify their endings for the subjunctive.

For example:

(E=IE)

Pensar: to think
(yo) piense: I think
(tú) pienses: you think
(usted) piense: you think (formal)
(él/ella) piense: he/she thinks
(nosotros) pensemos: we think
(vosotros) penséis: you (group) think
(ustedes) piensen: you (group) think (formal)
(ellos) piensen: they think
Querer: to want
Comenzar/empezar: to start
Perder: to lose
Entender: to understand
Despertarse: to wake up

(O=UE)

Volver: to return
(yo) vuelva: I return
(tú) vuelvas: you return
(usted) vuelva: you return (formal)
(él/ella) vuelva: he/she returns
(nosotros) volvamos: we return
(vosotros) volváis: you (group) return
(ustedes) vuelvan: you (group) return (formal)
(ellos) vuelvan: they return
Encontrar: to find
Poder: to be able/can
Dormir: to sleep
Costar: to cost
Recordar: to remember
Acostarse: to go to bed

(E=I)

Pedir: to ask for/to order
(yo) pida: I ask for
(tú) pidas: you ask for
(usted) pida: you ask for (formal)
(él/ella) pida: he/she asks for
(nosotros) pidamos: we ask for
(vosotros) pidáis: you (group) ask for
(ustedes) pidan: you (group) ask for (formal)
(ellos) pidan: they ask for
Servir: to serve
Vestirse: to get dressed

(GO=GA, ZCO=ZCA & YO=YA)

Tener: to have
(yo) tenga: I have
Salir: to go out
(yo) salga: I go out
Hacer: to do / to make
(yo) haga: I do
Poner: to put
(yo) ponga: I put
Venir: to come
(yo) venga: I come
Decir: to say
(yo) diga: I say
Oir: to hear
(yo) oiga: I hear
Conocer: to know (people or places)
(yo) conozca: I know
Traducir: to translate
(yo) traduzca: I translate
Construir: to build
(yo) construya: I build
Destruir: to destroy
Oir: to hear
Huir: to escape

(Other Verbs)

Ser: to be
(yo) sea: I am
Haber: to have
(yo) haya: I have
Ir: to go
(yo) vaya: I go
Saber: to know (information)
(yo) Sepa: I know
Dar: to give
(yo) dé: I give

I hope this lesson has been useful for you. I know it is a tricky topic, but it is really important. Once you become more confident and familiar with these irregular verbs it makes it so much easier to build your sentences and speak with greater fluency.

Have a great week and see you soon.

¡Adiós!

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About the Author: Laura

I am from Bilbao in northern Spain. I qualified as a Spanish Language Teacher in 2004. I have taught Spanish in England and Spain and now really enjoy teaching the Spanish Language via my website The Spanish Blog to students from all around the world. I love my job and the intricacies of the Spanish Language. My main personal interests are music, reading and cooking. I studied music for twelve years in Bilbao and I play the piano. I also enjoy singing and I try my best to sing more in English now. I hope very much that you enjoy my posts and welcome any comments.


Comments:

  1. amy:

    when are you going to use this tenses?

  2. David Carmona:

  3. andreas:

    ¡Hola David!
    ¿Puedes ayudarme? ¿Qué preposición tengo que utilizar delante de ‘nada’ en la siguiente frase?
    Miguel dijo que con nosotros no se podía contar …nada
    Andreas

  4. Magda:

    Hola Andreas:

    En el ejemplo que has dado, yo usaría “para” nada.
    ¡Buen fin de semana!

  5. andreas:

    Hola, Magda
    Te agradezco la respuesta.
    ¡ A ti también buen fin de semana!