Swedish Language Blog

Swedish Syntax variations in main clauses Posted by on Mar 19, 2012 in Grammar

Fundament is the most important part of a sentence, i.e. the word that comes on the first place in a Swedish sentence. On the first place there can be 5 different types of clause elements.

1, Subjekt=Subject

2,Tidsadverbial, platsadverbial, sättsadverbial= Different kind of adverbs

3, Bisats=Subordinate clause

4, Objekt=Object

5, Fågeord=Interrogative words

6, Ingenthing=Nothing

Two important rules: -Verb is always in the second place. -If the subject is not part of the fundament than it comes on the third place. See examples 2-6.

 Fundament Verb 1 Subjekt Satsadverbial Verb 2 Objekt/predikativ Adverbial
1. Vi har inte mjölk hemma.
2. Igår hade vi inte mjölk hemma.
3. Om det är fint väder imorgon, kan vi ut.
4. Bananen äter han inte.
5. Varför har du inte sagt något igår?
6. Har vi alltid/inte mjölk hemma?
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