Swedish Language Blog

Swedish adjective and noun Posted by on Jun 4, 2010 in Grammar, Swedish Language

  Article/pronoun Form of  adjective Form of noun
Indefinite article (Någon)/en

(Något)/ ett








Swedish  double definite article+adjective

This is typical for Swedish.










Demonstrative Pronoun+adjective

Both in written and spoken Swedish.

Den (där/här)

Det (där/här)


(stora) villan



Possessiva Pronomen+adjective min/din



(stora) villa



Genitive form+adjective Hans/hennes



(stora) villa/hus



Demonstrative Pronoun+adjective

Preferably in Written Swedish*




(stora) villa



Other pronouns samma (stora) villa/hus/villor
Name X Stora






*I would prefer using denna, detta, dessa in written language. However, you can also use them in spoken language, but then maybe you want to be funny or sound old. Don´t forget that there is no definite form either after these three forms or after possessive pronouns. However,  you can still hear these words followed by nouns in definite forms when people speak; both in southern and western Sweden. It is dialectal, but no one really would use that in written language. But who knows..maybe from 100 years from now…

**In Danish you would say stora torg because they don´t have the double definite articles. Since Skåne used to belong to Denmark back in the days you can still find some traces of that era because in Malmö the biggest square named Stora torg and not Stora torget as it would be anywhere else in Sweden.

Note that you can find adjectives ending with e- instead of –a in both written and spoken language. For example: Den lilla pojken, Den lille pojken. But only if we talk about a male! Hans trevlige vän. Here we should note that it´s about a male. However, Den trevliga pojken/flickan are the most common ways nowadays to put it. The e-endings are common in southern and western Sweden.

Homework for you!

  • He has a big horse.
  • Her houses are big.
  • He has a big umbrella.
  • His farms are big.
  • He has two big horses.
  • The farm is big.
  • He has two big houses.
  • The house is big.
  • His house is big.
  • The cars are big.
  • Her car is big.
  • The houses are big.
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  1. Ankan:

    You always read my thoughts with these grammar issues! Thanks, I’ll go do my homework now :>

  2. Judy:

    Herre Gud! This grammar stuff is like torture! Sorry, but I prefer to learn my grammar with some fun story, song or something like that attached. I can’t bear to see tables and rules! And, hearing it too, would help it stick in my head. Please find a better way to present your grammar lessons. (But, don’t give up on them! Jag behöver hjälp med min svenska grammatik!)

  3. Kary:

    Thanks!!! this was extremely helpful and though i like things to be fun too (Judy), i thought the chart form worked well for this particular topic.

  4. Judy:

    Yes, Kary! The chart is probably the most efficient way to present this kind of material. Sorry for my outburst, but it takes me back to the horrors of language class in the ’70s and ’80s. It was drill and kill style in the US and probably the reason most Americans don’t learn a second language. If they’re like me, they hate this method and draw away from any reminder of it. A natural approach is more successful for me, where you get more immersion and use the language for real purposes. At least, that is better for me… maybe not for everyone! My Swedish grammar is not great, but I can be understood and get my point across, too. My Swedish abilities came from listening to a great deal of Swedish in many different formats: school, church, music, friends, family, etc. All of the things that are discussed in this Swedish blog. That’s why I like it so much! Maybe the grammar lessons could be done in a combo approach: a little bit drill with a little bit in context of real life or the arts (music, theater, et al.). Just a thought…

  5. Tibor:

    Dear everyone!

    Sorry that I haven´t answered for such a long time but I just arrived to Reykjavik yesterday. I have to agree with you Judy, but let me explaine my purpose with this table. You would hardly find these things like this alltogther in a book. I should have added more examples that is very true. I might even stop making tables and the reason is very easy; I have faced problems uploading them from Word. Especially whenever I add text under the tables..they just go unreadable.Anyhow..thank you so much for your suggestion. I´ll think of it. On the other hand I would recommend for you to use all kind of chanels including tables, song texts etc. Blog posts need to be short and I have to squeez in that is important. If you have any questions btw about this recent post, please let me know.