Swedish Language Blog

Syntax in (Main and bi-clause) part 1. Posted by on May 29, 2012 in Grammar, Uncategorized

Fundament is the most important part of a sentence, i.e. the word that comes on the first place in a Swedish sentence. On the first place there can be 5 different types of clause elements. These are the most usual ones. In my next post I will discuss subordinate clauses.

Maybe you wonder what a main clause is to begin with. It is a sentence that has:

A finite verb is any form of a verb that has a subject limiting it in person and number and thus can form independent clauses which can stand on their own as complete sentences. In languages with systems of inflection, finite verbs are typically inflected for tense according to the rules and categories of the languages in which it occurs.

Non-finite verb forms have no person or number, but some types can show tense.

  • Finite verb forms include: I go, she goes, he went sv. Jag går, Hon går, Han gick.
  • Non-finite verb forms include: to go, going, gone sv. att gå, gå, gått.

Main clauses are called huvudsats in Swedish and subordinated clauses are called bisats.

for example: I know. Main caluse. ……that you are lying subordinate clause because the sentence is incomplete and can´t stand on its own.

I know, that you are lying. sv: Jag vet, att du ljuger.

1, Subjekt=Subject

2,Tidsadverbial, platsadverbial, sättsadverbial= Different kind of adverbials

3, Bisats=Subordinate clause

4, Objekt=Object

5, Fågeord=Interrogative words

6, Ingenthing=Nothing

Two important rules: -Verb is always in the second place. -If the subject is not part of the fundament than it comes on the third place. See examples 2-6.

Note that Satsadverbial is not the same as Adverbial. Satsadverbs: ibland, faktiskt, ofta, sällan, väldigt, mycket osv. while Adverbial talks about time (when/where/how something happend).

Fundament Verb 1 Subjekt Satsadverbial Verb 2 Objekt/predikativ Adverbial
1. Vi har inte mjölk hemma.
2. Igår hade vi inte mjölk hemma.
3. Om det är fint väder imorgon, kan vi ut.
4. Bananen äter han inte.
5. Varför har du inte sagt något igår?
6. Har vi alltid/inte mjölk hemma?
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