Thai Language Blog

A Guide to the Thai Alphabet Posted by on Jul 12, 2017 in Beginner, Videos

For many learners of Thai, the alphabet is a huge challenge. As a matter of fact, it’s not even an alphabet! Technically, it’s an abugida. In this writing system, each unit is based on a consonant, while the vowel notation is secondary. Here are a few posts and videos that will help you figure out the Thai alphabet… or abugida. Whatever you call it, this is an important step in learning Thai that should not be skipped!

It looks intimidating, but give it a shot.


There are 44 consonants in the Thai “alphabet,” and each one is associated with a word that either begins with or uses that consonant. Read more and get a nice chart to help you study, then follow this video that teaches the 44 consonants from a native speaker. The Royal Thai General System for Transcription (RTGS) is used for the Romanization  of the Thai script, but as you may notice this is not the best system. There are a variety of systems in use, so it’s best for you to find one that suits you. Even better, just learn the Thai symbols and learn to associate the sounds with them!

For more detailed reading, check out these posts on the three different types of Thai consonants:


Thai vowels are a bit tricky, as there are both short and long versions. In addition, the placement of the vowel differs from case to case – they can come before or after a consonant, and they can also be above or below. Read our guide to Thai vowels and then check out another video. We’ve used the special letter อ to show you the placement of the vowels.


While it may seem rather daunting to learn the Thai alphabet, doing so will give you a huge leg up on your quest to master the language. Study these posts, get yourself a chart, watch the videos a few times, and start trying to use it more often. It’s not easy, but you’ll get the hang of it eventually!

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About the Author: sasha

Sasha is an English teacher, writer, photographer, and videographer from the great state of Michigan. Upon graduating from Michigan State University, he moved to China and spent 5+ years living, working, studying, and traveling there. He also studied Indonesian Language & Culture in Bali for a year. He and his wife run the travel blog Grateful Gypsies, and they're currently trying the digital nomad lifestyle across Latin America.