Thai Language Blog

All About Songkran Posted by on Apr 10, 2017 in Culture, Travel, Videos

It’s that time again, as Thais all around the country gear up for the most important holiday. Songkran (สงกรานต์ sǒng graan) is a 3-day festival taking place from April 13-15 that rings in the traditional Thai New Year. There are quite a few customs associated with the holiday, including the epic water fights that take place on the last day. Let’s take a closer look at this special time as we learn all about Songkran.

An Introduction to Songkran

All About Songkran

Party time!

Songkran is a national holiday, with banks, offices, schools and shops closing all across the country. Bangkok nearly empties as people return to their hometown to be with family. On the first day, young people all over the country will visit their elders to pay their respects and ask for blessings in the New Year. In this ritual known as Rot Nam Dam Hua (รดน้ำดำหัว rót nám dam hǔa), the young people will also pour fragrant water into the palms of their elders. In some towns and cities, you can also see a parade on the first day of the festivities.

Bathing the Buddha

The next day, most people will pay a visit to their local temple to make merit by giving alms to the monks. There will also be a bathing the Buddha ceremony, or song nam pra (สรงน้ำพระ sǒng nám prá) in Thai. This can be done both at a temple and at home – basically wherever there is a Buddha image. The second day of the New Year is also National Family Day in Thailand. Similar to Christmas in the West and Spring Festival in China, Songkran is a time for family reunions.

A huge water fight!

There’s not much to set the third day apart from the first two (temple visits, making merit, gathering with family members), so let’s talk about the most famous aspect of Songkran – the epic water fights. Having visited elders and washed the Buddha, the last day is time for fun. People line the streets with buckets, hoses, and squirt guns – anything that can be used to soak passersby. Aside from the obvious relief water provides from the intense heat of April in Thailand, this is also symbolic of washing away any misfortunes from the past year.


Decorated trucks and beautiful girls in the parade.

Here’s some useful Thai vocabulary for the big holiday:

Songkran Festival
tâyt-sà-gaan sŏng-graan

Thai New Year
bpee mài tai

go to the temple
kâo wát

bathe the Buddha
sŏng náam prá

make merit
tam bun

kam uay pon

water sprinkling blessing
rót náam dam húua

National Family Day
วัน ครอบ ครัวแห่งชาติ
wan krôp krua hàeng châat

kà-buan hàe

splashing/throwing water
sàat náam

water gun
bpeun chèet nám

Happy New Year
sùk-kà-săn wan bpee mài

Wish you to be happy
ขอให้ มีความสุข
kŏr hâi mee kwaam sùk

Wish you to be healthy
ขอให้ สุขภาพแข็งแรง
kŏr hâi sùk-kà-pâap kăeng raeng

Songkran Media

Learn all about Songkran in this great video from Amazing Thailand.

Travel in Two’s has an awesome highlight reel of Songkran ’16 in Bangkok.

Songkran on Ko Pha-Ngan, brought to you by yours truly.

Learn more about the holiday and practice some vocabulary in Learn Thai by Ben’s video.

Practice your Thai reading and listening in this language-heavy video from ThaiPod101.

Happy Songkran!
sùk-kà-săn wan sŏng-graan

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Keep learning Thai with us!

Build vocabulary, practice pronunciation, and more with Transparent Language Online. Available anytime, anywhere, on any device.

Try it Free Find it at your Library
Share this:
Pin it

About the Author: sasha

Sasha is an English teacher, writer, photographer, and videographer from the great state of Michigan. Upon graduating from Michigan State University, he moved to China and spent 5+ years living, working, studying, and traveling there. He also studied Indonesian Language & Culture in Bali for a year. He and his wife run the travel blog Grateful Gypsies, and they're currently trying the digital nomad lifestyle across Latin America.