Thai Language Blog

Ifs, Ands, and Buts Posted by on Dec 5, 2010 in Beginner

Ifs, Ands, and Buts (Beginner)

There are various ways to say ‘if’, ‘and’, and ‘but’.

Let’s start with ‘if’.

ถ้า – tah (falling tone) – The most common way to say ‘if’, to use with friends.

หาก – haak (low tone) – A more formal way to say ‘if’.

ถ้าหาก – tah haak – A very formal way to say ‘if’.

ยังไง – yang ngai (mid tones) – An informal ‘if’ to use with friends.

Now for the ‘ands’.

และ – lae (mid tone) – This is the most common way to say ‘and’.

You can use it just like in English, for example:

I ate pork, fish, and candy – ผมได้กินหมูปลาและขนม

*However* there must be no less than 3 items in the list. If there are two, you must use กับ (gap).

I will go visit my mom and my sister – ผมจะไปเยียมแม่กับน้องสาว

The last word is for ‘but’.

แต่ – dtae (low tone) is a *very* common word in Thai, meaning ‘but’.

I like fish but I don’t like pork – ผมชอบกินปลาแต่ไม่ชอบกินหมู

It’s very common to hear แต่ว่า which means ‘but that…’

I want to go, but I’m not available – อยากไปครับ แต่ว่าไม่ว่าง

But don’t confuse it for the word ‘only’, which is also spelled as แต่.

I only eat pork – ผมกินแต่หมู

For practice, watch this video and see if you can recognize any of the words from this lesson today.

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