Adverb of Place

Posted on 31. Mar, 2014 by in Hindi Language

How about some grammar today? :)  Let me show you the adverbs of time in Hindi and how they are defined into different group.

As you may know from previous post of adverbs in Hindi that there are 3 types of adverbs in Hindi. Adverb is called क्रिया विषेशण (Kriya Vishesan).

Adverb of Place is called स्थानवाचक क्रिया विषेशण (Sthanvaachak Kriya Vishesan) in Hindi. These adverbs are those words which give us the information about the place (position or direction) of an action.

Examples:

1. बच्चे ऊपर खेल रहे हैं। (Bacche uppar khel rahe hain – Children are playing upstairs.)
2. पिताजी अन्दर बैठे है।  (Pita ji aandar bathe hain – Father is sitting inside.)

The underlined words, ऊपर (upstairs, above) and अन्दर (inside) give information regarding the place and direction of action.

Adverb of place are divided into 2 types, according to what they indicate about the place of action into:

1. स्थिति वाचक (Sthiti Vaachak – Position Indicator) : These words are the indicators of the position of an action.

Examples:

आप-पास (Aas – paas – Nearby)
आर-पार (Aar – paar – Across)
चारों ओर (Charon aur – Everywhere)
आगे (Aage – Ahead)
पीछे (Peeche – Behind)
अन्दर (Andar – Inside)
बाहर (Baahar – Outside)
जहाँ (Jahan – Where)
तहाँ (Tanhan – There)

2. दिशा वाचक (Disha Vaachak – Direction Indicator) : These words are the indicators of the direction of an action.

Examples:

आमने – सामने (Aamane – samane – Across each other)
ऊपर (Uppar – Above)
नीचे (Neeche – Below)
दाएँ (Daayein – Right)
बाएँ (Baayein – Left)
इधर-उधर (Idhar – udhar – Here and there)

Simple Sentence to Mixed and Compound Sentences in Hindi

Posted on 31. Mar, 2014 by in Hindi Language

In this post, let me show you how to make a mixed and compound sentences from simple sentence in Hindi. Once you know some basic rules, you can easily change a simple sentence to mixed and compound sentence.

So, let’s see how this is done :)

सरल वाक्य (Saral Vaakya – Simple Sentence) to मिश्रित वाक्य (Mishrit Vaakya – Mixed Sentence)

To make a mixed sentence from a simple sentence, we have to divide the simple sentence into two clauses. We also require conjunctions जो (which), जब (when), कि (that), क्यूंकि (because), यदि (if), जिसने (the one who), जब (when) etc , to join these two clauses to make the mixed sentence.

Example:

Simple Sentence Mixed Sentence
श्याम ने आपने मित्र की गाड़ी खरीदी. Shayam ne aapne Mitr ki gadi kharidi (rom.).Shayam has purchased his friend’s car. (eng.) श्याम ने वो गाड़ी खरीदी जो उसके मित्र की थी.Shayam ne wo gadi kharidi jo uske mitr ki thi (rom.)Shayam has purchased the car that his friend own. (eng.)

सरल वाक्य (Saral Vaakya – Simple Sentence) to संयुक्त वाक्य (Sanyukt Vaakya – Compound Sentence)

To make a compound sentence from a simple sentence, we have to divide the simple sentence into two clauses. Here we need conjunctions as well but this time, different ones like और (and), अथवा (and), तथा (or), परन्तु (but), किन्तु (however) etc , to join these two clauses to make the compound sentence.

Example:

Simple Sentence Compound Sentence
सुशील पलंग पर लेट टीवी देखने लगा. Sushil palag par let TV dekhne laga. (rom.). Sushil laid on the bed, watching tv. (eng) सुशील पलंग पर लेट गया और टीवी देखने लगा. Sushil palag par let gaya aur tv dekhne laga. (rom.). Sushil laid onto the bed and start watching tv.(eng.)

Adverbs of Time

Posted on 30. Mar, 2014 by in Hindi Language

There are 3 types of adverbs in Hindi. In this post, I will tell you about the adverbs of time in Hindi.

Adverb of Time is called कालवाचक क्रिया विषेशण (Kaalvaachak Kriya Vishesan) in Hindi. These adverbs are those words which give us the information about the time of an action.

Examples :

माता जी अभी गई हैं। (Mata ji abhi gayi hain – Mother has just gone.)
मैं कल तुम्हारे घर गया था। (Main tumhare ghar kal gaya tha – I went to your house yesterday.)

Adverb of time are divided into 3 types, according to what they indicate about the time of action as:

1. कालबिन्दु वाचक (Kaalbindu Vaachak – Time Point): These words give the indication of point of time of action.

Examples:

आज (Aaj – Today)
आज रात (Aaj raat – Tonight)
कल (Kal – Tomorrow or Yesterday)
परसों (Parson – Day before yesterday or after after tomorrow)
अब (Ab – Now)
जब (Jab – Then)
कब (Kab – When)
तब (Tab – Then)
अभी (Abhi – Now)

2. अवधि वाचक (Avadhi Vaachak – Duration) : These words give the indication of duration of action.

Examples:

आजकल (Aajkal – nowdays)
सदैव (Sadav – always)
रातभर (Raatbhar – all through night)
दिनभर (Dinbhar – all through day)
सप्ताहभर (Saptaah – all through day)

3. बारम्बारता वाचक (Baarambaarata Vaachak – Frequency) : These words give the indication of frequency of action.

Examples:

हर दिन (Har din – each day)
रोज (Roj – daily)
साप्ताहिक (Saaptaahik – weekly)
मासिक (Masik – monthly)
प्रतिदिन (Prati din – everyday)
प्रतिवर्ष (Prativarsh – yearly)
सदैव (Sadav – always)
निरंतर (Nirantar – constantly)
कभी (Kabhi – ever)
अक्सर (Aksar – frequently)
कभी-कभी (Kabhi-kabhi – infrequently)
कभी नहीं (Kabhi nahi – never)