Indian Prime Minister Modi Visit to USA

Posted on 30. Sep, 2014 by in Hindi Language

Indian Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi (नरेन्द्र मोदी), the head of the government, is on the state visit to United States of America (संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका – Sanyut Rajya Amerika). Their is so much buzz (चर्चा – Charcha) in the media about his visit (यात्रा – Yatra). Prime Minister (प्रधान मंत्री – Pradhan mantri) Modi enjoy a mass following in India (भारत – Bharat) and abroad because of his proven record for development (विकास – Vikas) of Gujarat state of which he served as the Chief Minister for the last fourteen years before taking the position of Prime Minister of India in May, 2014.  He has become the most favorite leader of many Indians. They elected him with absolute majority (बहुमत – Bahumat) him and his party to a historical (ऐतिहासिक – Etihasik) win in the election (चुनाव – Chunaav) held in May, 2014. People believe that after he became the Prime Minister of India, he can replicated the success (सफलता – Saphalta) of Gujarat development to entire India by improving nation’s infrastructure and employment prospects.

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USA has large number of people of Indian origin (मूल – Mool). Many such non-resident Indians see him as an Indian leader who can catapult India into fast paced development in the coming time. They are following him in masses to all public places he is scheduled to visit in USA. His visit, which is about to end has as many as 26 official (आधिकारिक – Aadhikarik) and business meetings in 3 days alone! The scheduled of his 5 day’s visit includes official meetings such giving speech (भाषण – Bhaasan) and meeting (बैठक – Bedak) world leaders at United Nations, business meetings with top echelons of industries in USA, public meetings such as in Madison Square Garden which drew around 19,000 peoples (लोगों – Logon (plural)) and addressing youths at Global Citizen Festival in New York, paying homage to 9/11 memorial, meeting US President Barack Obama and many other official from USA. It is more astonishing of Prime Minister Modi that he is attending all meetings with much vigor and enthusiasm for the last 4 days, while observing the fasts of Navratri and drinking only warm water.

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The visit is historically important (महत्वपूर्ण – Mahatvapurn) for two biggest democratic countries in the world, India and USA. For a long time, the relationship (संबंध – Sanbandh) between two countries have lot of up and downs. Both countries expect to improve (सुधार – Sudhaar) the relationship and business trade (व्यापार – Vyaapar) with this important visit.

Poem in Hindi – Sukh Dukh

Posted on 29. Sep, 2014 by in Hindi Language

Today, I will share a Hindi poem on how the world is in the grip of happiness and sadness.

Below is the poem in Devanagari fonts (Hindi) with the literal translation in English. I hope that you will try to comprehend the poem with the given explanation. So, here it is.

कविता (Kavita – Poem) : सुख-दुख (Sukh-Dukh – Happiness-Sadness)
कवि (Kavi – Poet) : सुमित्रानंदन पंत (Sumitranandan Pant)

मैं नहीं चाहता चिर दुख,
सुख दुख की खेल मिचौनी
खोले जीवन अपना मुख!

I don’t want eternal sadness,
the game of happiness and sadness,
opens the mouth of the life.

सुख-दुख के मधुर मिलन से
यह जीवन हो परिपूरण,
फिर घन में ओझल हो शशि,
फिर शशि से ओझल हो घन!

from the pleasant union of happiness and sadness,
the life is fulfilled,
then the moon disappears in the clouds,
and then the clouds disappears from the moon.

जग पीड़ित है अति दुख से
जग पीड़ित रे अति सुख से,
मानव जग में बँट जाएँ
दुख सुख से और सुख दुख से!

The world suffers from much sadness,
and the world suffers from much happiness,
the men will be divided,
from sadness happiness and from happiness sadness!

अविरत दुख है उत्पीड़न,
अविरत सुख भी उत्पीड़न,
दुख-सुख की निशा-दिवा में,
सोता-जगता जग-जीवन।

constant sadness is a harassment,
constant happiness is also a harassment,
in the night and day of happiness-sadness,
awaken and slept world of life.

यह साँझ-उषा का आँगन,
आलिंगन विरह-मिलन का,
चिर हास-अश्रुमय आनन,
रे इस मानव-जीवन का!

this veranda of dusk-dawn,
of embrace of separation and union,
of face of eternal laughing-mourning,
of this human-life!

Vowel Marks in Hindi

Posted on 28. Sep, 2014 by in Hindi Language

Hindi uses some vowel marks which are extensively used to form many Hindi words. They can be thought of vowels and diphthongs in English. Words like आम (Aam – Common), और (Aur – And), सूरज (Suraj – Sun), लोक (Lok – World. Region) use ौ, ू, े vowel marks respectively. In Hindi, there are 9 important vowel marks. So, let me show you with some examples.

1. ा – A
This represent vowel “a” in English. It is used to form other alphabets in the Hindi. It can be visualized as “अ” which is an independent form. So, we have क् + अ = क. This can be used to represent the long vowel, in which case it is written twice. For long vowel like, का as क् + अ + ा = क् + आ = का. आ is formed by combining अ + ा.

2. ि – I
This vowel mark represent the short “इ” (independent form) in Hindi or “i” in English as in “bit”. You can visualize the word combination as ि + क = कि. In English, though, you put vowel after vowel or consonant i.e. to get ki, you combine as K + i = Ki.

3. ी – EE
This vowel mark represent the “ई” (independent form) in Hindi or “ee” in English as in “employee”. You can visualize the word combination as ी + क = की.

4. ो – O
This vowel mark represent the “ओ” (independent form) or “o” in English as in “sole”. You can visualize the word combination as ो + क = को.

5. ौ – AU
This vowel mark represent the “औ” (independent form) or diphthong “au” in English as in “how”. You can visualize the word combination as ौ + क = कौ.

6. ु – U
This vowel mark represent the “ऊ” (independent form) or long “u” in English as in “blue”. You can visualize the word combination as ु + क = कु.

7. ू – U
This vowel mark represent the “उ” (independent form) or short “u” in English as in “put”. You can visualize the word combination as ू + क = कू.

8. े – E
This vowel mark represent the “ए” (independent form) or “e” in English as in “met”. You can visualize the word combination as े + क = के.

9. ै – AI
This vowel mark represent the “ऐ” (independent form) or “ai” in English as in “rely”. You can visualize the word combination as ै + क = कै.