Examples of Derivative Roots in Hindi – II

Posted on 22. Apr, 2016 by in Hindi Language

In Hindi, some of the verbs are derived from other verbs. The root of base verb changes to form a new root.  In the last post, we saw how to derive new verbs root from other verbs. These derived verb is called व्युत्पन्न धातु (Vyautpann Dhaatu – Derivative Root) in Hindi. In this post, let’s take some examples in Hindi.

For the previous post on Derivative Roots, please check this link.

1. उड़ना (Udnaa – to fly)
मैं आसमान में पक्षी की तरह उड़ना चाहता हूँ। – I want to fly in sky like a bird.

उड़ाना (Udaana- to fly something or someone)
मुझे पतंग उड़ाना पसंद है। – I like to fly kites.

उड़वाना (Udvaana – to make someone fly something or someone by someone (third person))
हम किसी से यह जहाज उड़वाना है।  –  We have to make someone fly this plane.

2. रोना (Rona – to cry)
मुझे रोना पसंद नहीं है। – I don’t like to cry.

रुलाना (Rulana – to make someone cry)
मुझे किसी को रुलाना पसंद नहीं है। – I don’t like to make someone cry.

रुलवाना (Rulvaana – to make someone cry by third person)
किसी को रुलवाना सही नहीं है।  – I have to tell someone to feed you the medicine.

3. कटना (Katna – to cut self)
यह समय कटना चाहिए।  –  This time should pass.

काटना (Kaatna – to cut someone or something)
मुझे अभी सब्ज़ी काटनी है।  – Now, I have to cut vegetable.

कटवाना (Katvaana – to make someone cut someone or something)
तुम्हे किसी को बोल कर यह गास कटवानी है।  – You have to tell someone and get this grass cut.

4. खुलना (Khulna – to open self)
यह दरवाजा खुलना नहीं चाहिए। – This door should not be opened.

खोलना (Kholna – to open)
यह डब्बा खोलना। – This tin needs to be opened.

खुलवाना (Khulvaana – to make someone open something)
तुम्हे कल राकेश को बोल कर दुकान खुलवानी है। – You have to tell Rakesh to open the shop tomorrow.

5. मरना (Marna – to die)
हम सबको एक दिन मरना है।  – We all have to die one day.

मारना (Maarna – to kill or beat someone or something)
क्या तुम्हे लोगों को मारना अच्छा लगता है?- Do you like to beat other people?

मरवाना (Marvaana – to make someone kill or beat someone)
क्या तुम्हे पता है, रमेश ने किसी से रोहित को मरवा दिया।  – Do you know that Ramesh has got Rohit killed?

Indian Recipes – Chana Masala

Posted on 20. Apr, 2016 by in Hindi Language

Chana Masala is a very popular and easy vegetarian north Indian dish. In this dish, the chickpeas are used and are cooked with potatoes, onion, turmeric, ginger, green and whole red chilies and coriander.

So what are you waiting for, let’s make this delicious dish at home.

Recipe Servings : 7
Recipe Cook Time : 40 min (Cook time: 25 minutes and preparation time is 15 minutes)

chana masala

Chana Masala (Picture via Flickr by kspoddar)

Ingredients:

1 tablespoon vegetable oil
2 medium onions (peeled and minced)
1 clove garlic (peeled and minced)
1 tablespoon ground coriander
2 teaspoons ground cumin
1⁄2 teaspoon ground cayenne pepper
1 teaspoon ground turmeric
6 tablespoons chopped tomatoes
1 cup water
4 cups cooked chickpeas or 2 (15 ounce) cans chickpeas, rinsed and drained
2 teaspoons ground roasted cumin seeds
1 tablespoon amchoor powder
2 teaspoons paprika
1 teaspoon garam masala
1⁄2 teaspoon salt
1⁄2 lemon (juiced)
1 fresh, hot green chili pepper (minced)
2 teaspoons grated fresh ginger

Method:

  1. Heat oil in a large pan.
  2. Add onions and garlic and sauté over a medium heat until onions turn goldern brown (4-5 minutes).
  3. Turn heat to medium-low.
  4. Add the coriander, cumin, cayenne and turmeric.
  5. Stir for a few seconds.
  6. Add the tomatoes.
  7. Cook the tomatoes until browned lightly and lose sweet taste.
  8. Add chickpeas and a cup of water and stir.
  9. Add the roasted cumin, amchoor powder, paprika, garam masala powder, salt and lemon juice.
  10. Cook covered for 10 minutes.
  11. Remove the cover add the minced chili and ginger.
  12. Stir and cook uncovered for 30 seconds.
  13. Serve with boiled basamati rice or naan bread.

 

Derivative Roots in Hindi – II

Posted on 18. Apr, 2016 by in Hindi Language

In previous posts, we have discussed some verbs which were derived from other verbs. The root of base verb changes to form a new root. This derived verb is called व्युत्पन्न धातु (Vyautpann Dhaatu – Derivative Root) in Hindi.

In this post, let’s take few more derivative roots and derived verbs. And remember that the verbs in Hindi have ‘ना’ ending, the part before the ending are main or base root of the verb. Previous posts on the derivative root is available here and examples are available here.

It’ll be clear from the examples below:

1. उड़ना (Udnaa – to fly)

उड़ – > उड़ा results in formation of verb उड़ाना (Udaana- to fly something or someone)

उड़ > उड़वा results in formation of verb उड़वाना (Udvaana – to make someone fly something or someone by someone (third person))

2. रोना (Rona – to cry)

रो – > रुला results in formation of verb रुलाना (Rulana – to make someone cry)

रो – > रुलवा results in formation of verb रुलवाना (Rulvaana – to make someone cry by third person)

3. कटना (Katna – to cut self)

कट – > काट results in formation of verb काटना (Kaatna – to cut someone or something)

कट – > कटवा results in formation of verb कटवाना (Katvaana – to make someone cut someone or something)

4. खुलना (Khulna – to open self)

खुल – > खोल results in formation of verb खोलना (Kholna – to open something)

खुल – > खुलवा results in formation of verb खुलवाना (Khulvaana – to make someone open something)

5. मरना (Marna – to die)

मर – > मार results in formation of verb मारना (Maarna – to kill or beat someone or something)

मर – > मरवा results in formation of verb मरवाना (Marvaana – to make someone kill or beat someone)