How about some grammar today? Let me show you the adverbs of time in Hindi and how they are defined into different group.
As you may know from previous post of adverbs in Hindi that there are 3 types of adverbs in Hindi. Adverb is called क्रिया विषेशण (Kriya Vishesan).
Adverb of Place is called स्थानवाचक क्रिया विषेशण (Sthanvaachak Kriya Vishesan) in Hindi. These adverbs are those words which give us the information about the place (position or direction) of an action.
1. बच्चे ऊपर खेल रहे हैं। (Bacche uppar khel rahe hain – Children are playing upstairs.)
2. पिताजी अन्दर बैठे है। (Pita ji aandar bathe hain – Father is sitting inside.)
The underlined words, ऊपर (upstairs, above) and अन्दर (inside) give information regarding the place and direction of action.
Adverb of place are divided into 2 types, according to what they indicate about the place of action into:
1. स्थिति वाचक (Sthiti Vaachak – Position Indicator) : These words are the indicators of the position of an action.
आप-पास (Aas – paas – Nearby)
आर-पार (Aar – paar – Across)
चारों ओर (Charon aur – Everywhere)
आगे (Aage – Ahead)
पीछे (Peeche – Behind)
अन्दर (Andar – Inside)
बाहर (Baahar – Outside)
जहाँ (Jahan – Where)
तहाँ (Tanhan – There)
2. दिशा वाचक (Disha Vaachak – Direction Indicator) : These words are the indicators of the direction of an action.
आमने – सामने (Aamane – samane – Across each other)
ऊपर (Uppar – Above)
नीचे (Neeche – Below)
दाएँ (Daayein – Right)
बाएँ (Baayein – Left)
इधर-उधर (Idhar – udhar – Here and there)