Indian Festival – Shigmo

Posted on 30. Mar, 2015 by in Hindi Language

Let me take you too a interesting and colorful festival from India which is called Shigmo.

Shigmo (शिगमो) is a spring (वसंत – Vasant) festival celebrated in the Indian state of Goa and the neighboring states. It is also known as Shigmotsav or the harvest festival (त्योहार – Tyohaar) and is celebrated annually (प्रतिवर्ष – Prativarsh) during the Phalgun month (March according to Gregorian Calendar) which is the last month (महीना – Mahina) according to the Hindu calendar. It is also celebrated by Konkani diaspora and the festival of Holi is part of it.

Folk Dances at Shigmo (Pic via GoG)

Folk Dances at Shigmo (Pic via GoG)

Celebration (समारोह – Samaaroh) includes public parades which showcase colorful floats depicting scenes from regional mythology and religious scenes as well as traditional folk and street dances. Meanwhile, Shigmo festivals has two variants: Dhakto Shigmo (“small Shigmo”) and Vhadlo Shigmo (“big Shigmo”). Dhakto Shigmo is generally celebrated by farmers (किसान – Kisaan), the labor class and the rural population (जनसंख्या – Jansankhya) and celebration usually include folk songs and folk dances (नृत्य – Nrtya), while Vhadlo Shigmo is of greater significance (महत्व – Mahatv) and is celebrated by everyone together and celebrated at the temples which attract a large number of devotees (भक्त – Bhakt) and tourists (पर्यटक – Paryatak).

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During celebrations, Naman are songs sung in chorus during the festival and thousands of people thronged the streets to witness the Romtamell, folk dances and the floats. Various groups were seen dancing to the beats of the dhol and taso and singing folk songs to the accompaniment of drums. Huge floats depicting Hindu were also witnessed which enthralled the locals as well as the tourists.

Indian Recipes – Chole

Posted on 29. Mar, 2015 by in Hindi Language

Chole (छोले), a refreshing vegetarian white chickpeas culinary treat from North India. This simple recipe is an authentic Indian recipe (विधि  – Vidhi) which is easy to make. This dish is very popular in North and usually served with fried Indian bread called Bhatura (भटूरा) or cooked basmati rice.

Let me show you how to make this delicious dish at home.


Recipe Servings : 4
Recipe Cook Time : 25 minutes

Chole, a white chickpeas based Indian recipe (Pic via Wikipedia by Grenavitar)

Chole, a white chickpeas based Indian recipe (Pic via Wikipedia by Grenavitar)


1 cup Kabuli Chana (White Chick Peas) , soaked overnight and drained
1 tea bag or 1 teaspoon of tea leaf tied in muslin cloth
1/2 tablespoons Cumin seeds (जीरा – Jeera)
1/2 cup Onion (प्याज – Pyaaz), finely chopped
2 tablespoons Garlic (लहसुन – Lehsun), finely chopped
2 tablespoons Chole Masala (छोले मसाला) powder
1 tablespoon dried mango powder (अमचूर – Amchur)
1/2 tablespoons Ginger (अदरक – Adarak), finely chopped
1 teaspoon Red Chilli (लाल मिर्च – Laal Mirch) Powder
1/4 teaspoon Turmeric (हल्दी – Haldi) Powder
2 teaspoons Coriander (धनिया – Dhaniya) Powder
2 tablespoons Oil or Ghee (घी – Clarified butter)
1 cup Water (पानी – Paani)
Salt (नमक – Namak) to taste
Optional 1 medium Tomatoes (टमाटर – Tamatar), roughly chopped
Optional fresh Cilantro or Coriander (धनिया – Dhaniya)


1. Combine the Kabuli Chane (singular, Chana), salt, tea bag and enough water in a pot and cook it for 20 min or if using a pressure cooker, pressure cook it for 3 whistles.

2. Allow the steam to escape before opening the lid. Now discard the tea bag and drain the kabuli chana.

3. Heat the oil in a deep pan and add the cumin seeds. Fry cumin seeds for 2 min in hot oil.

4. Now add the onions, ginger and garlic and salt on a medium flame for 1 to 2 minute or till the onions turn golden brown.

5. Add the chole masala powder, chilli powder, dried mango powder, turmeric powder, coriander powder, cumin seeds powder, salt and 1 cup of water, mix well and cook on a medium flame for 1 to 2 minutes. Stir occasionally.

6. Add the kabuli chana, mix well and cook on a medium flame for 5 to 10 minutes, while stirring occasionally. Mash the kabuli chana once lightly with a help of a masher.

7. Optionally, garnish dish with finely chopped fresh tomato and coriander or cilantro. Serve hot with Indian bread, Roti or Naan or fried Indian bread Bhatura which goes very well with Chole. You can also serve Chole with rice.

Consonants Joining in Hindi

Posted on 29. Mar, 2015 by in Hindi Language

In Hindi language, we combine and create new words quite often. In Hindi, Joining (संधि) or combination are of 3 major types. When a word is formed by a combination of two consonant or a consonant and a vowel then this combination or joining is called व्यंजन संधि (Vyanjan Sandhi – Consonants Joining) in Hindi.

Examples: Note carefully, how the two Hindi consonants or vowels are combining to form new word.

1. त् (t) + ई (i) = दी (di)
जगत् (Jagat – Word) + ईश (Ish – Master) = जगदीश (Jagdish – God)

2. म् (m) + त (ta) = ं (n)
सम् (Sam – Equal) + तोष (Tosh – Appeasement) = संतोष (Santosh – Satisfaction)

3. म् (m) + म (ma) = म्म (mma)
सम् (Sam – Equal) + मति (Mati – Mind)= सम्मति (Sammati – Agreement)

4. म् (m) + म (ma) = म्म (mma)
सम् (Sam – Equal) + मान (Maan – Honor) = सम्मान (Sammaan – Respect)

5. म् (m) + य (ya) = ं (n)
सम् (Sam – Equal) + योग (Yog – Possibility) = संयोग (Sanyog – Coincidence)

6. न (na) + स् (s) = ष (sha)
नि (Ni – Without) + सिद्ध (Sidhd- Prove) = निषिद्ध (Nishedhd – Prohibited)

7. त् (t) + भ (bha) = द्भ (dh)
सत् (Sat – Good) + भावना (Bhavna – Spirit) = सद्भावना (Sadhbhavna – Goodwill)

8. त् (t) + ज (ja) = ज्ज (jja)
सत् (Sat – Good) + जन (Jan – People) = सज्जन (Sajjan – Gentlemen)

9. त् (t) + ध (dha) = द्ध (dha)
सत् (Sat – Good) + धर्म (Dharm – Duty, Religion) = सद्धर्म (Sadharm – Good Duty)

10. म् (m) + ब (ba) = ं (n)
सम् (Sat – Good) + बंध (Bandh – Bond) = संबंध (Sambandh – Relation)

11. व् (v) + स् (s) = ष (sha)
वि(Vi – Opposite) + सम (Sam – Equal) = विषम (Visham – Unequal)