Learn Korean “Verb+기”- Nominalization #1

Posted on 23. Mar, 2015 by in Uncategorized

There are three ways to do nominalization. Today you will learn one of them. Korean uses verb as a noun a lot, so you need to know how to change from verb to noun in Korean. When they change from verb to noun, they add 기 to make noun; it is one of the ways to make noun. I will give you some examples how to change it. Please see examples below.

To read –읽다 > reading 읽기

She reads a book/그녀가 책을 읽다. V

She like to read a book/ 그녀가 책 읽기를 좋아한다. N


To eat – 먹다 > eating 먹기

He eats fruit/ 그가 과일을 먹다. V

He like to eat fruit/ 그가 과일 먹기를 좋아한다. N

Korean uses 기 with other form and meaning. For instance, V+기 전에 (Before doing something) > 책을 읽기 전에, 과일을 먹기 전에. V+기 때문에 (Because someone does something) > 책을 읽기 때문에, 과일을 먹기 때문에.

As you may know, learning Korean is super hard; it is one of hardest languages in the world. So, Please don’t get stress out too much and just study one by one.  Please let me know if you have any question by the facebook message.

“Photo from by autan on flickr.com”


Please watch the video below

More Than Korea’s 2nd City – Busan

Posted on 20. Mar, 2015 by in Buddhism, Cuisine, Culture, Korean food

After a few days of exploring all that Seoul has to offer – the palaces, museums, parks, and nightlife – we headed to the other side of the country to Busan (부산). With over 3.5 million people, this is the second biggest city in South Korea. Famous for its beaches, hot springs, and international film festival, Busan is a popular destination for both domestic and international tourists. It’s also the biggest port in the country and fifth busiest in the world. Speaking of superlatives, Busan also boasts Korea’s largest beach (Haeundae – 해운대) and longest river (Nakdong – 낙동강), as well as the world’s largest department store (Shinsegae Centum City – 신세계 센텀시티). In Korea, bu (부) means cauldron, and san (산) means mountain – the city is located at the foot of a mountain that resembles a cauldron. To help you plan your visit, here are some of the top things to do in Busan:

Hit the Beach

A beautiful day on the beach.

A beautiful day on the beach.

The above-mentioned Haeundae Beach is the biggest and most famous, and it can get quite crowded during the summer months. There’s also Songjeong Beach (송정해수욕장) and Gwangalli Beach (광안리), which are both a bit quieter with less people. No matter which beach you choose, you can rent chairs and parasols to kick back and relax, try your hand at riding a jet-ski, or just float around in an inner tube. If you want to do as the locals do, get in the water fully clothed – you wouldn’t want to get enough sunshine to get a little tan.

Fully clothed in the sea.

Fully clothed in the sea.

Go Temple Hopping

Image by midnight.here on www.flickr.com.

Image by midnight.here on www.flickr.com.

There are quite a few temples in Busan that are worth visiting if you’d like to add a little culture to your beach holiday. Haedong Yonggungsa (해동 용궁사) –  the Dragon Palace Temple is unique from many of Korea’s other temples in that it’s on the shoreline and not in the mountains. The best time to visit is in April, when the cherry blossoms are in bloom and people are celebrating the birth of Buddha.

At the edge of Mt. Geumjeongsan (금정산), you’ll find the Beomeosa Temple (범어사). This ancient temple was built way back in 678 and has undergone many restorations and repairs in the 1,300 years since. According to legend, there is a well on top of the mountain with water of gold and a golden fish that came down from the sky. Hence the name of the mountain, which means “Gold Well” and the name of the temple, which means “Heavenly Fish.”

Take a Hike and a Soak

Hiking the Fortress Wall. -Image by Sjekster on www.flickr.com

Hiking the Fortress Wall.
-Image by Sjekster on www.flickr.com

As it’s surrounded by mountains, it should come as no surprise that there are plenty of hiking trails in and around Busan. Trails are not exactly well marked, so do some research or consider hooking up with a local to show the way. After spending the whole day ascending peaks out in nature, it’s time to kick back and relax. Busan is known for its many hot spring and sauna options; the hard part is choosing which one to go to. If you’re in the mood to go big or go home, hit the above-mentioned world’s largest department store for the massive Spa Land Centrum City. This huge complex features countless saunas, baths, and places to relax. It’s different from the usual jimjilbang (찜질방) in Korea, though, as children under 13 are not allowed and a 4-hour time limit is imposed.

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Eat, Drink, and be Merry

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As a coastal city, Busan is known for its fresh seafood. Take a trip to the Jagalchi Fish Market (자갈치시장) – the largest and most famous in the country. Eat some raw fish right there on the spot, or have it cooked up the way you like. Of course, you can always find tasty street food or good ole’ Korean BBQ if you need a break from the seafood.

BBQ and beers... doesn't get much better than that!

BBQ and beers… doesn’t get much better than that!

If you’re looking to wet your whistle and enjoy a bit of nightlife, you’re in the right place. There are literally thousands of places to get a drink in Busan, from hole-in-the-wall bars with no frills and cheap beers to over the top nightclubs like this…

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Take a Night Stroll on the Beach

Busan at night.

Busan at night.

After a big day, head back to the beach to sit in the sand and check out the city illuminated in neon lights. It’s a much more peaceful place for a stroll at night as the crowds really thin out. You might even catch a street performer, such as this puppeteer we saw on our visit:

Puppet master.

Puppet master.

As you can see, there’s plenty to do in Busan, whether you’re into the great outdoors, culture, R&R, the culinary scene, or just partying it up and recovering on the beach. Although it lives in the shadow of Seoul, Busan should definitely be considered amongst the best cities to visit in the Far East and should certainly be included on a trip to South Korea.

Korean Craft Beers Allowed to Play Fair with Hite, OB?

Posted on 17. Mar, 2015 by in Cuisine, Korean Culture, Korean food, Uncategorized

Cass from Oriental Brewing Co., was recently purchased by the world's leading beer making, making the market even more one-sided.  (Photo courtesy of brewtravel.wordpress.com)

Cass from Oriental Brewing Co., was recently purchased by the world’s leading beer maker, making the market even more one-sided. (Photo courtesy of brewtravel.wordpress.com)

From Seoul to Busan, beer drinking in South Korea was always a steady pour from the usual suspects.  Hite. Cass. OB Blue (Oriental Brewery).  But starting next week, microbreweries will be allowed by law to sell their beers off-site from brewing locations, and will have their taxes lowered by nearly 15 percent.  However, the road to a more level, and therefore more creative and entrepreneurial beer market, is and was a long road for South Korean business.

Oriental Brewing Co. and Hite-Jinro have dominated the Korean market with bland American-style lagers until Korea changed brewing laws in early 2014.  Before then, German-inspired brew houses and local, small-batch brewing projects popped up here and there.  Then a 2012 Economist article highlighted the the OB and Hite dominance (94.8% of sales in 2013) that favored watery beers in the form of production laws that required capacity to produce one million liters a year, as well as 500% mark-ups for non-listed imported ingredients.  Korea’s low quality beers were not threatened by imports but by a stifling of creativity and competition from within.

The small-brew business that inspired the Economist article, Craftworks, eventually expanded to Gangnam where it opened a location not far from Samsung headquarters.  Coincidentally, or not, two years later a massively popular, 240-seat pub opened in Gangnam called “Devil’s Door”, where waits are up to 45-minutes.  In the “hurry hurry” (빨리빨리) culture where patience runs short, this was even more impressive.  But it turns out the Devil’s Door is a creation of a subsidiary of the Samsung Group.

In 2011, the brewery laws dropped to 150,000 liters a year, a stark contrast to previous restrictions, but not at all in favor of competition that can lead to OB and Hite sales drops.  In spring of 2014, it was cut by a third to 50,000 liters a year, along with a reduction on taxes.  Korea was making fair progress towards a more modern beer market.

But the liters per year drops are just the institutional barriers that have been lowered.  Small breweries and entrepreneurs don’t have the logistics, the start-up companies to partner with, storage, manufacturing, or even a way to lobby which ingredients or brewing equipment can be imported or have a lower tax.  Earlier this year, Oriental Brewing Co. was acquired by Anheuser-Busch InBev NV, the world’s biggest beer maker, for $5.8 billion, a $4 billion increase from what it sold it for in 2009 when it was trying to cut into its debt.  Led by its Cass brand, OB then became the leading producer and doubled its profits.  The $1.3 billion beer market in Korea, which grew by 6 percent in 2013, was part of the big beer machine in Korea that only got part of a bigger, less-inclusive machine.

The small and medium size business and creative economy that is part of the Park Geun-Hye rhetoric is little more than mere legislative gestures, like lowering the liters per year for breweries, but still allows for extensive market shares.  The taxes and lack of supportive, creative measures to help smaller business to create the means to grow and gain double-digit market share in the beer business in Korea had not previously seen sufficient support.  Microbreweries went from facing a fight against two beer giants to a bureaucratic fight.

As Bloomberg reported, Jinro Hite and OB pays around 395 won per 355ml–essentially a can–of beer, which has nearly a 25% higher tax rate than smaller breweries.  This is tax takes on big producers to pay more, which should favor smaller production.  However, smaller breweries ended up paying about 710 won per 355ml, since their tax rate also took into consideration costs of production.

The Korean consumer has shown an interest in new, innovative beers that are as accessible as a Cass or Hite.  That consumer interest can only voice itself loud and clear until the Hite and, now, InBev trucks roll on past the little pubs back to their warehouses.

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