Sino-Korean Number

Posted on 20. Oct, 2014 by in Uncategorized

There are two kinds of number in Korea. In this week, you will learn Sino-Korean number.  What is Sino by the way? Sino means china; Sino-Korean word is Chinese character.  Korean has used one’s own speaking language but they didn’t have their own letters for a long time.  Therefore, Korean still uses Sino number.  Let’s study Sino-Korean number from one to ten first.

일/il/one

이/e/two

삼/sam/three

사/sa/four

오/o/five

육/yuk/six

칠/chil/seven

팔/pal/eight

구/goo/nine

십/sip/ten

After memorize these ten numbers, you just need to reuse these ten numbers to make other big numbers. For instance, if you want to say 20, you can add 이+십 (이십/eship/twenty). See more examples below.

19 (십 +구) = 십구

25 (이십 + 오) = 이십오

30 (삼 + 십) = 삼십

38 (삼 + 팔) = 삼십팔

90 (구 + 십) =구십

99 (구십 +구)= 구십구

Isn’t pertty easy to memorize? Now you can make number 1 to 99 by Sino-Korean number.  Please make sure memorie the ten numbers first and watch a video below to hear the sound.

 

Learning Korean Suffixes

Posted on 13. Oct, 2014 by in Uncategorized

In the previous week, you learned Korean ending verb; “How is (it)?/ (이/가) 어때요?/(e ga) eo ddae yo?” In this week, you will learn how to answer the question.  아요/어요/해요/a yo/eo yo/ hae yo is verb ending suffix. You can add these verb suffixes after infinitive of action and descriptive verbs.  You can add 아요 after ㅏand ㅗ vowels, and add 어요 after all other vowels. For instance, 좋다/jo ta/good/ becomes 좋아요. 싫다/sil ta/hate becomes 싫어요.   You have to learn this because Korean do not use infinitives in speaking.  Please see the dialog below.

  1. 날씨가 어때요?/nal ssi ga eo ddae yo/how’s weather?
  2. 좋아요./jo a yo/good
  1. 음식이 어때요?/eum sik e eo ddae yo/how’s food?
  2. 싫어요./sil eo yo/I hate it

해요 is after ㅎconsnant. For instance, 사랑한다/sa lang hand a/love you/ becomes 사랑해요/ sa lang hae yo/

Let’s study more examples with infinitives.

괜찮다 becomes 괜찮아요/gan chan a yo/that’s okay

재미있다 becomes 재미있어요/jae me it eo yo/it is fun

보고싶다 becomes 보고싶어요/bo go si peo yo/I miss you

맛있다 becomes 맛있어요/ma si seo yo/it taste good

“Photo from by keso on flickr.com”

Watch the video below to study more detail.

 

 

Learning Useful Phrase

Posted on 06. Oct, 2014 by in Uncategorized

This week you will learn Korean ending verb; “How is (it)?/ (이/가) 어때요?/(e ga) eo ddae yo?” This phrase is very useful for beginners.  You would use this expression to be friendly to your friends and people.  Let’s make some sentences with using vocabularies below. 이/가 is subject particles you can add right after nouns without space. When there is ending consonant, you should add 이. When there is no ending consonant, just add 가.

음식 /food/ eum sik

날씨/weather/nal ssi

오늘/today/o nul

수업/class, lesson/soo eop

점심/lunch/jeom sim

건강/health/geon gang

The examples below are how you can use above the vocabularies with 이/가 어때요.

음식이 어때요? How is the food?

날씨가 어때요? How is the weather?

오늘 어때요? How is your day? (Do not put 이, exception)

수업이 어때요? How is the class?

점심이 어때요? How is (your) lunch?

건강이 어때요? How is (your) health?

Please watch the video below to see more examples.

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