Arab Nobel Laureates Posted by Fisal on May 27, 2015 in Arabic Language, Culture, Vocabulary
Ahlan, Arabic lovers! We all know or heard about the Nobel Prize that is given to astonishing works of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, Peace and Economic Sciences. Alfred Nobel (1833 – 1896) was a Swedish chemist, engineer and innovator. He invented Dynamite. On 27 November 1895, at the Swedish-Norwegian Club in Paris, Nobel signed his last will and testament and set aside the bulk of his fortune to establish the Nobel Prizes. The prizes are awarded annually without distinction of nationality.
- In this post, we are going to have a close look at the Arab nationals who won this prize:
1- Anwar Al-Sadat (1918 – 1981)
Following the October War between Egypt and Israel, Anwar Al-Sadat أنــور الــســادات took a great step towards peace when he visited the Israeli Parliament offering peace. Then, in 1978 he and Menachem Begin signed the Camp-David Accords that ended the Israeli occupation to the Sinai Peninsula. In the Same year of 1978, they jointly won the Nobel Prize.
2- Naguib Mahfouz (1911 – 2006)
The 1988 Nobel Prize in Literature was given to the Egyptian author Naguib Mahfouz نــجــيــب مــحــفــوظ “who, through works rich in nuance – now clear-sightedly realistic, now evocatively ambiguous – has formed an Arabian narrative art that applies to all mankind”.
3- Yasser Arafat (1929 – 2004)
In 1994, Yasser Arafat يــاســر عــرفــات – Head of the Palestinian Liberation organization and President of the Palestinian Authority – was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize jointly with Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin “for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East”.
4- Ahmad Zewail (1946 – to present)
In 1999, the Egyptian-born Ahmad Zewail أحــمــد زويــل won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry “for his studies of the transition states of chemical reactions using femtosecond spectroscopy”.
5- Mohamed El-Baradei (1942 – to present)
In 2005, the Egyptian citizen Mohamed El-Baradei مــحــمــد الــبــرادعــي was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize jointly with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) “for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way”.
6- Tawakkol Karman (1979 – to present)
In 2011 and following the Arab Spring, the Yemeni activist and journalist; Tawakkol karman تــوكــل كــرمــان was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize jointly with Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Leymah Gbowee “for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work”.
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Peace ســَـــلام /Salam/
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