Birth of a Prophet (571 – 632) Posted by Fisal on Feb 4, 2012 in Arabic Language, Culture, Vocabulary
Birth of a Prophet (571 – 632) مــِــيـــلادُ نــَــبـــِــىّ
Today in the Islamic Calendar is the 12th of رَبـــِـــيــــعُ الأوَّل Rabi’ Al-Aw’wal 1433 A.H. (After Hijra) which is the birthday of prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him). The day was a Monday and the Islamic Calendar depends on the moon cycle unlike the Gregorian Calendar. In some Muslim countries, the day is a national holiday and in others, it is not. The birthday of Prophet Muhammad is a turning point نــُــقــطـــة تــَــحــَــوُّل in the human and Arab history. Muhammad is widely considered the most influential figure in history. More than one billion people all over the world follow Muhammad’s teachings and consider him as their guide مــُــرْشــِــد , mentor and leader. Whenever his name is mentioned, Muslims often show their respect saying “P.B.U.P.” (Peace and Prayers Be Upon Him عــَــلــَــيــْــهِ الــصــَّـــلاةُ وَ الــســَّــــلام) Muhammad managed to build a nation and a civilization out of nothing and according to the Islamic faith, he is the last messenger and prophet from God.
The full name of the prophet is Muhammad Ibn Abdillah Ibn Abdil-Muttalib Ibn Hashim from Bani Hashim; one of Quraysh’s prestigous tribes. Muhammad’s ancestry dates back to Ishmael إســْــمــَــاعــِــيــل son of Abraham إبــْــرَاهــِــيــم . His grandfather Abdil-Muttalib عــَــبــْــد الـمـُــطــَّــلــِــب was head of his tribe. Muhammad was an orphan يــَــتــِــيـــم as his father died before he was born and his mother died when he was six years old. Abdil-Muttalib took good care of Muhammad until he was two years old, then his uncle Abo-Talib أبــُــو طــَــالــِــب took him as son and protected him. Muhammad grew up in Makkah مـَــكــَّــة and worked as a shepherd رَاعــِــى and then as a merchant تــَـاجــِـــر . Muhammad was very different from all his peers in Makkah. He was well known as the Truth-teller and Loyal الـصــَّـــادِق الأمــِــيــن . He never drank wine or alcohol.
At the age of twenty-five, Muhammad married Khadeejah خــَــدِيــجــَــة who was older than him. Muhammad used to go out of the city and spend a lot of time in the desert الـصــَّــحــَــــرَاء thinking and meditating. When he was forty and during his meditations in a cave in the desert, he was visited by the angel Gabriel جــِـبــْــريــِــل for the first time. It was the first revelation وَحــْــى to him. Muhammad was ordered to pass the message of Allah to all people. His mission was to restore the worship of the One True God إلـــهٌ وَاحــِــد , the Creator and Sustainer of the whole universe and to teach people the laws of moral, ethical, legal and social conduct. Islam means peace and calls for peace through submission to the will and commandments of God. The revelations continued for twenty three years.
Muhammad continued to pass God’s message to people around him in Makkah for thirteen years. He found severe opposition and harm. He refused all kinds of bribes to abstain from what he was doing. When he and his weak and poor companions found no freedom in Makkah, He ordered them to immigrate to Al-Madinah الــمــَـــدِيــــِــنـــَــة and he followed them later in the company of his best friend Abu-Bakr أبــُــو بــَـــكـــْـــر . The people of Madinah welcomed Muhammad and his companions and provided them with food, shelter and protection.
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Peace سلام /salam/
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