Kana and Sisters (1) Posted by Fisal on Jan 16, 2012 in Arabic Language, Grammar, Vocabulary
Kana and Sisters (1) كان و أخواتها
The Nominal sentence consists of two parts; the subject (Mubtada) and the predicate (Khabar).
Both parts of the nominal sentence are always in the Nominative (Marfo’) Case حالة الرفع .
The Nominative Case means that the noun often has a Dammah or a Damm Tanween on its ending.
Today, we will learn some special verbs that change the noun case in the nominal sentence.
Kana and its sisters are a group of thirteen (13) verbs that come with the nominative sentence.
What was Mubtada in the nominative sentence becomes the Noun (Ism اسم) of Kana and its sisters.
What was Khabar in the nominative sentence becomes the Khabar of Kana and its sisters.
Kana and its sisters are called Incomplete Verbs أفعال ناقصة because they always need a predicate; (Khabar), to complete the meaning.
Kana and sisters are also called أفعال ناسخة because they change the Khabar’s case from nominative (Raf’e) حالة الرفع to accusative (Nassb) حالة النصب . So, the predicate of Kana and sisters always has a Fat’ha (or Tanween) on its ending.
These verbs are:
كانَ / أصبحَ / أضحى / ظلَّ / أمسى / باتَ / صارَ / ليسَ / ما زالَ / ما برحَ / ما انفكَّ / ما فتئَ / ما دامَ
Ex. – كان الجوُ جميلاً بالأمس = The weather was beautiful yesterday.
– كانَ : A past verb Mabni on the Fat’h.
– الجوُ : Ism of Kana Marfo’ with a dammah.
– جميلاً : Khabar of kana mansoub with a Fat’ha.
– الباء : a preposition.
– الأمسِ : Ism Majroor by the Kasrah.
Next time, In Sha’a Allah, we will learn more and more about these verbs.
Check us back soon
Peace سلام /Salam/
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