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Rules for writing final hamza Posted by on Apr 25, 2019 in Arabic Language, Grammar, Vocabulary

In this post, I write about the rules for writing hamza (ء) in Arabic at the end of the word. Just like medial hamza, the writing of final hamza depends on how it is vowelled and how the letters before it are vowelled. In this post, I will describe the most important rules. Final Hamza appears in one of the following forms (ء ، ـئ، ؤ ، أ)

Final Hamza is written separately as (ء)

If it is preceded by a letter vowelled by سكون, e.g.

دفء = warmth

جزء = part

بدء = beginning

If it is preceded by a long vowel and the hamza is vowelled by سكون, e.g.

ضوء = light 

شيء = thing

أصدقاء = friends

 

Final Hamza is written on alif as (أ)

If it is preceded by a letter vowelled by فتحة, e.g.

قرأ = read 

مبدأ = principle

بدأ = started

 

Final Hamza is written on و as (ؤ)

If it is preceded by a letter vowelled by ضمة, e.g.

يجرؤ = dares 

تكافؤ = equivalence

لؤلؤ = pearl

 

Final Hamza is written on ي as (ـئ)

If it is preceded by a letter vowelled by كسرة, e.g.

شاطئ = beach  

ينشئ = establish

طارئ = emergency

 

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Comments:

  1. Abdul Qaddos:

    Every lesson is well assigned and thanks to all the organizers.