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African Countries in Chinese Posted by on Feb 9, 2016 in Vocabulary

We’ve been learning all the countries around the world in Chinese bit by bit over the past few months. Last month, I also wrote a post on how to talk about “Countries, Nationalities, and Languages” in Chinese. Now we’re heading to the continent with the most countries – Africa (非洲 – fēi zhōu).

Mother elephant with twins in Kenya. Image by Diana Robinson from flickr.com.

Mother elephant with twins in Kenya. Image by Diana Robinson from flickr.com.

There are 54 sovereign states in Africa, and here they all are in alphabetical order along with their Chinese names and pinyin transliterations:

English Chinese Pinyin
Algeria 阿尔及利亚 Ā’ěr jí lì yǎ
Angola 安哥拉 Ān gē lā
Benin 贝宁 bèi níng
Botswana 博茨瓦纳 bó cí wǎ nà
Burkina Faso 布基纳法索 bù jī nà fǎ suǒ
Burundi 布隆迪 bù lóng dí
Cameroon 喀麦隆 kā mài lóng
Cape Verde 佛得角 fú dé jiǎo
Central African Republic 中非共和国 zhōng fēi gòng hé guó
Chad 乍得 zhà dé
Comoros 科摩罗 kē mó luó
Congo, Republic of the 刚果共和国 gāng guǒ gòng hé guó
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 刚果民主共和国 gāng guǒ mín zhǔ gòng hé guó
Djibouti 吉布提 jíbùtí
Egypt 埃及 Āi jí
Equatorial Guinea 赤道几内亚 chì dào jǐ nèi yǎ
Eritrea 厄立特里亚 È lì tè lǐ yǎ
Ethiopia 埃塞俄比亚 Āi sāi é bǐ yǎ
Gabon 加蓬 jiā péng
Gambia 冈比亚 gāng bǐ yǎ
Ghana 加纳 jiā nà
Guinea 几内亚 jǐ nèi yǎ
Guinea-Bissau 几内亚比绍 jǐ nèi yǎ bǐ shào
Ivory Coast 象牙海岸 xiàng yá hǎi àn
Kenya 肯尼亚 kěn ní yǎ
Lesotho 莱索托 lái suǒ tuō
Liberia 利比里亚 lì bǐ lǐ yǎ
Libya 利比亚 lì bǐ yǎ
Madagascar 马达加斯加 mǎ dá jiā sī jiā
Malawi 马拉维 mǎ lā wéi
Mali 马里 mǎ lǐ
Mauritania 毛里塔尼亚 máo lǐ tǎ ní yǎ
Mauritius 毛里求斯 máo lǐ qiú sī
Morocco 摩洛哥 mó luò gē
Mozambique 莫桑比克 mò sāng bǐ kè
Namibia 纳米比亚 nà mǐ bǐ yǎ
Niger 尼日尔 ní rì ěr
Nigeria 奈及利亞 nài jí lì yǎ
Rwanda 卢旺达 lú wàng dá
Sao Tome and Principe 圣多美和普林西比 shèng duō měi hé pǔ lín xī bǐ
Senegal 塞内加尔 sài nèi jiā ěr
Seychelles 塞舌尔 sāi shé ěr
Sierra Leone 塞拉利昂 sè lā lì áng
Somalia 索马利亚 suǒ mǎ lǐ yǎ
South Africa 南非 nán fēi
South Sudan 南苏丹 nán sū dān
Sudan 苏丹 sū dān
Swaziland 斯威士兰 sī wēi shì lán
Tanzania 坦桑尼亚 tǎn sāng ní yǎ
Togo 多哥 duō gē
Tunisia 突尼斯 tú ní sī
Uganda 乌干达 wū gān dá
Zambia 赞比亚 zàn bǐ yǎ
Zimbabwe 辛巴威 xīn bā wēi

There are about 1 million Chinese people who now live in Africa, and trade between China and the continent is expected to be worth upwards of $200 billion. Obviously, the relationship between China and Africa is quite important and growing more so with each passing year. So, what do ordinary Chinese people think of Africa? Check out this interesting video to see what three young Chinese who have never been there think of the continent:

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About the Author:sasha

Sasha is a teacher, student, writer, photographer, web designer, and videographer from the great state of Michigan. Upon graduating from Michigan State University, he moved to China and spent 5+ years living, working, studying, and traveling there. He also studied Indonesian Language & Culture in Bali for a year. He and his wife run the travel blog Grateful Gypsies, and they're currently planning a trip through Central/South America.


Comments:

  1. Peter Simon:

    It’s nice, Sasha, but also very funny that you’ve written that Africa is “the largest continent on Earth”. With 36.4 mill. km2, it certainly is bigger than most, but compared to the 44.58 miil. km2 of Asia it certainly isn’t the largest, is it? Primary school material in my native country …

    • sasha:

      @Peter Simon Whoops. I meant to say continent with the most countries. Thanks for calling me out on that one. It’s been a long couple of weeks with lots of visitors in Bali so I’m a bit fried at the moment!


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