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The last post talked about Chinese directional complements, a lesson I’ll continue today with some more examples and practice. Go back and read that first post if you haven’t to get caught up. Let’s start with the answers to the practice questions I gave:
1. Your friend is outside of your door and you invite them in.
Answer: 进来 (jìn lái) – This basically means “come in,” so it makes the most sense in this example.
nǐ hǎo, jìn lái ba!
“Hello, come on in!”
2. You are at the bottom of the hill but your friend is already on top.
Answer: This depends on who is talking. You would want to say 上去 (shàng qù), meaning “go up,” and your friend would say 上来 (shàng lái) meaning “come up.”
tā men yǐ jīng zài shàng miàn, zán men kuài shàng qù
“They’re already on top, let’s get up there quickly.”
3. Your cat is up on the closet where he shouldn’t be.
Answer: 下来 (xià lái), meaning “come down” is best for this naughty kitty.
xiǎo māo nǐ bù kě yǐ zài zhè lǐ, xià lái ba
“Kitty you can’t be here, come down!”
4. Your father has returned from his business trip.
Answer: Since your dad has “come back,” it’s best to use 回来 (huí lái).
mā mā kàn, bà ba huí lái le
“Look mom, dad has come back.”
5. Your friend is not at the party and you’re talking on the phone.
Answer: You’d probably tell your friend to “come here” to the party – 过来 (guò lái).
nǐ wèi shén me hái zài jiā lǐ? zhè ge wǎn huì tè bié hǎo wán, nǐ kuài guò lái ba
“Why are you still at home? This party is really fun, hurry up and come here.”
Hopefully now you have a better understanding of these directional complements and how to use them. Now I’ll give you each of the directional complements we’ve been studying and provide a situation. See if you can use them to make a full sentence in Chinese matching the situation:
Spend some time making sentences for those examples, write them down, save them, and study them. Also, do your best to listen for these directional complements in daily conversations – people are using them all the time. Soon enough, you’ll be able to incorporate them and improve your fluency in Chinese greatly.