Chinese Summer Vocabulary Posted by Ayana on Jun 16, 2021 in Vocabulary
Astronomically, we still have a few days before summer will officially arrive on June 20. But it certainly feels like summer is already here – 夏天来了 (xià tiān lái le, summer is here). The phrase 夏天 (xià tiān) means summer. It ends with the noun 天 (tiān), as all of the Chinse four seasons end:
Three of the seasons, for example, are mentioned in the following paragraph:
Dōng tiān guò qù le, xià wán yǔ le, rén men fēn tuō qù wàiyī. Wēn nuǎn de chūn tiān yě kuài dì guò qù le, yán rè de xià tiān lái lín le. Rén men chuān shàng le báo de xià zhuāng, yǒu de rén dài shàng le tài yáng mào, yǒu de rén dài shàng le tài yang jìng, yǒu de hái chuān le liáng xié ne.
The winter has passed, the rain is over, people have taken off their coats one after the other. The warm spring has passed quickly, as well, and the hot summer has arrived. People put on thin summer clothes, some wear hats, some wear sunglasses, some even wear sandals.
Summer is the hottest (炎热 yán rè) season. In recent years, some even think it’s getting hotter and hotter: 近年，有的人觉得夏日越来越热 (jìn nián, yǒu de rén jué dé xià rì yuè lái yuè rè). The sun (太阳 tài yáng) is up in the sky, and the temperatures are rising. Yet, most days are sunny (晴天 qíng tiān) and quite nice. In some, you can even enjoy a summer breeze (享受夏天风 xiǎng shòu xià tiān fēng).In other days, though, the scorching sun (烈日 liè rì) shines fiercely on the ground, making people hide in trees’ shade: 烈日火辣辣地照在大地上，让人家躲在树荫下 (liè rì huǒ là de zhào zài dà dì shàng, ràng rén jiā duǒ zài shù yìn xià).
In those kind of days the summer accessories mentioned in the paragraph above are must:
More and more people are becoming aware of the sun’s hazards, and wish to protect themselves as much as possible. Many Chinese women even carry a parasol (阳伞 yáng sǎn) with them:
Wèi le bǎo hù pí fū jí jiàn kāng, hǎo duō nǚ rén chēng yáng sǎn zhē yáng. Yǒu de nǚ rén pà shài hēi ér chēng sǎn, rèn wéi xuě bái de jī fū shì měi de.
In order to protect the skin and health, many women hold parasols to shield from the sun. Some women carry parasol for fear of tanning, thinking that white skin is beautiful.
夏天 xià tiān = summer
夏日 xià rì = summer
温暖 wēn nuǎn = warm
炎热 yán rè = sizzling hot
太阳 tài yáng = sun
烈日 liè rì = scorching sun
晴天 qíng tiān = sunny day
照 zhào = to shine, to illuminate
荫 yìn = shade, shady
遮阳 zhē yáng = to shield from the sun
晒黑 shài hēi = to tan, to sunburnt
Practice the new vocabulary with the joyful Chinese nursery rhyme 夏天来了:
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