4 mei – Dodenherdenking: Remembering the Dead Posted by Sten on May 4, 2017 in Culture, Dutch Vocabulary, History, News, Politics
We have fought many oorlogen (wars). And wars are so gruwelijk (cruel), because the levens (lives) of so many mensen (people) are destroyed, and many levens are lost. In order to remember how cruel and terrible wars are, many countries have remembrance or memorial days. And many are in May, because it was in May 1945 that the Germans capitulated in the Second World War. The Dutch one is today.
Today is the Nationale Dodenherdenking (National Remembrance of the Dead) in the Netherlands, also sometimes just referred to as 4 mei. It remembers alle Nederlandse slachtoffers sinds het uitbreken van de Tweede Wereldoorlog (all Dutch victims since the start of the Second World War).
Officially, it starts at 18:00 (6pm CEST). At that time, the doors open for a church service in the Nieuwe Kerk in Amsterdam, which starts at 18:50 (6:50pm CEST). It is the so-called herdenkingsbijeenkomst (remembrance meeting). Then there is the 4 mei-voordracht (May 4 presentation) by a Dutch auteur (author), a different one each year. Hereafter, there is ensemble music and the Onze Vader (Lord’s Prayer) towards the end. It ends at 19:20 (7:20pm CEST) with the Dutch national anthem, the Wilhelmus. Then, the guests move to the Dam.
At the Dam, the herdenkingsplechtigheid (remembrance solemnity) starts at 19:50 (7:50pm CEST). The koning (king) Willem-Alexander and the koningin (queen) Maxima will lay a krans (wreath) at the Dam, the so-called kranslegging.
Twee minuten stilte
The Taptoe-signaal (Taptoe signal) is played just before the beginning of the twee minuten stilte (two minutes of silence) at 20:00 (8pm CEST) tonight. It is comparable to the British Last Post or the American Taps. You can see it in the video below, including the beginning of the twee minuten stilte. Also notice the vlag halfstok (flag half-staff), which mourns the fallen burgers en soldaten (citizens and soldiers).
The twee minuten stilte counts for the entire country, and so it is requested to give everybody the chance to have that silence for two minutes. So no parties and the like should be organized around that time.
After the twee minuten stilte, the Wilhelmus is played, and the 4 mei-gedicht (May 4 poem) is presented. It is an annual contest held among youth, and so this is always a jongere (young person). This year, it is 16-year old Güner Tuzgöl. Then, more kransen (wreaths) are laid, always for a certain type of slachtoffers. This year, those include:
- de mensen die werden vermoord omdat zij in verzet kwamen (the people murdered because they resisted)
- de Joden, Roma en Sinti die werden vervolgd en vermoord (the Jews, Roma and Sinti that were persecuted and killed)
- de omgekomen burgers als gevolg van oorlogsgeweld (the fallen citizens due to violence in war)
- de omgekomen burgers in Azië als gevolg van de Japanse bezetting (the fallen citizens in Asia due to the Japanese occupation)
- de omgekomen militairen en het koopvaardijpersoneel (the fallen soldiers and merchant personnel)
This is followed by a toespraak (speech) by the burgemeester (mayor) of Amsterdam, Eberhard van der Laan, and more kranslegging by certain high-ranking people in public office. Finally, school children will lay flowers (bloemlegging).
Then finally, at 20:20 (8:20pm CEST) it is time for the defilé (parade), where the koning and koningin walk off past the kransen. Now, all other people have the chance to lay flowers.
See last year’s ceremony here:
Of course, there are herdenkingen (remembrances) in many other parts of the country as well. This is just the official one. If you want to find a local herdenking close to you, find it here.
5 mei – Bevrijdingsdag
Tomorrow, May 5, is Bevrijdingsdag (Liberation Day), on which the Dutch celebrate the liberation from the German oppression and occupation of the Second World War. It is celebrated in a big way – but more on that tomorrow!