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Yesterday, I wrote about the Dodenherdenking, the Dutch Memorial Day, remembering all Dutch burgers (citizens) and soldaten (soldiers) that have fallen since the Tweede Wereldoorlog (Second World War). Today, that sad and difficult mood made a 180 degrees turn. Because today, it is time to celebrate vrijheid (freedom).
On 5 mei (May 5th) 1945, the Duitse leger (German army) officially capitulated and the Netherlands was bevrijd (liberated). The south of the country had already been liberated before the winter of 1944. However, the cities above the rivers Maas, Waal and Rhine had not been liberated – which included cities like Amsterdam, Utrecht or Den Haag (The Hague). The winter of 1944 was a terrible one, in which people lacked everything. Especially food. The citizens would eat anything to survive, even tulpenbollen (tulip bulbs). The winter of 1944 is therefore often referred to as the Hongerwinter (Hunger Winter).
But, on 5 mei, all that quickly made room for celebrations. And since then, the Netherlands has celebrated that vrhijheid in a big way.
Like yesterday at the Dodenherdenking, the Bevrijdingsdag also has its own official program.
Officially, the Bevrijdingsdag started today at 12:00 (noon CEST) in Haarlem, in the province of Noord-Holland (North Holland). With the theme “De kracht van het persoonlijke verhaal” (the power of the personal story), the acteur (actor) Nasrdin Dchar read the 5 mei-lezing (May 5 reading) and Neal de Hoop – aged 12 – read the 5 mei-kinderlezing (May 5 children’s reading). Minister-president (Prime Minister) Mark Rutte attended. After the readings and his toespraak (speech), he officially kicked off the day by igniting the bevrijdingsvuur (liberation fire) at Bevrijdingspop Haarlem.
In the evening, the day is officially and traditionally ended with the 5-mei concert (May 5 concert) on the Amstel in Amsterdam.
However, in the meantime, a lot of celebrations take place. Artists from all over the Netherlands and beyond perform at 14 festivals. And they are all free. The whole country celebrates!
One specialty is that ever year, two artists are flown from one festival to the next with a helicopter. Check out the video below, in which Dutch artist Nielson flies from one city to the next as ambassadeur van de vrijheid (ambassador of freedom).
I will celebrate at the festival in Groningen this year. Where will you celebrate? Find the closest festival to you here.