Hamsterkauf: German Panic Buying! Posted by Constanze on Mar 16, 2022 in Culture, Food, Language, Slang
Guten Tag! Today we’re going to talk about a German word that emerged as a result of the pandemic- or did it? The word in question is der Hamsterkauf.
Recently I wrote a post on words that’ve emerged to describe life during the Covid-19 pandemic (die Pandemie: pandemic). You can read this here, if you’re interested. One of the words that’s been used since the very start of it is der Hamsterkauf, which means ‘panic buy’ or ‘panic shopping’, as people cleared the supermarket shelves at the start of the pandemic out of fear of what was going to happen, and if there would be enough food for everybody. This word’s literal translation is ‘hamster shopping’, because of the way hamsters stuff their cheeks full of food (der Hamster– hamster; der Einkauf– shopping/purchase. Note Einkauf is the noun shopping/purchase, not the verb.)
Whilst the concept of a Hamsterkauf is now widely associated with the 2020 pandemic, it was around long before then. The word comes from the verb hamstern- to hoard, a verb that was used to describe the exact same events happening during the 1st World War (der 1. Weltkrieg), when there were significant food shortages. The word ‘hamstern’ popped up in a number of publications in Germany during this time- for example, in 1916 the author Erich Mühsam wrote in his diary (das Tagebuch), “’Hamstern‘ ist das neueste Schlagwort der Presse und des Publikums” (“’Hamstern’ is the press and public’s newest catchphrase”). Source – Der ewige Hamster – WELT
But the word hamstern is not reserved for these big, life-altering situations; in Germany, it’s also used to describe the last-minute panic buying people do on Saturdays to have enough food to last them until Monday, seeing as German supermarkets and shops are closed (geschlossen) on Sundays. As you can imagine, this is even more urgent (dringend) on a bank holiday weekend!!
So, there you have a bit of insight to the word Hamsterkauf! To finish, what sorts of things are usually bought in a Hamsterkauf? Here is a shopping list- feel free to add any items in the COMMENT BOX that you also deem essential (wesentlich)!
Der Einkaufszettel: The shopping list!
Das Mehl – Flour
Die Pasta/die Nudeln – Pasta/noodles
Der Reis – Rice
Die Kartoffeln – Potatoes
Das Öl – Oil
Die Tomatensoße – Tomato sauce
Die Haferflocken – Oats
Der Dosenfisch – Canned fish
Die Dosenbohnen – Canned beans
Die Dosensuppe – Canned soup
Das gefrorenes Gemüse – Frozen vegetables
Die Trockenfrüchte – Dried fruit
Die Erdnussbutter – Peanut butter
Die Nüsse – Nuts
Die Kekse – Biscuits
Das Klopapier – Toilet paper
Das antibakterielles Gel – Antibacterial gel
Die Seife – Soap
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