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Prefixes Posted by on Oct 30, 2017 in Hindi Language

Prefixes! Those glorious little words that can change the meaning of a word in an instant. English has a rich trove of prefixes that are sourced from languages including Greek and Latin. Hindi is no different, and boasts its own store of prefixes, many of which are borrowed from languages like Urdu. To provide an exhaustive list here would be an exhausting exercise. We will, however, review and familiarize ourselves with some commonly used prefixes. In Hindi, prefixes are known as उपसर्ग (upasarg).

बेक़ाबू (uncontrolled)
बेहद (without limits)
बेहोश (unconscious)
बेअक्ल (senseless/lacking sense)
बेबुनियाद (without basis)
बेझिझक (without hesitation)
बेरोज़गार (unemployed)
beyqaboo
beyhad
beyhosh
beyakal
beybuniyaad
beyjhijhak
beyrozgaar
बे + क़ाबू (control)
बे + हद (limits)
बे + होश (consciousness)
बे + अक्ल (sense)
बे + बुनियाद (basis/foundation)
बे + झिझक (hesitation)
बे + रोज़गार (employment/work)
अपवाद (bad comments/slander)
अपघात (bad incident/accident)
अपशगुन (bad omen)
अपमान (disrespect/insult)
apvaad
apghaat
apshagun
apmaan
अप + वाद (comments/speech)
अप + घात (incident)
अप + शगुन (omen/sign)
अप + मान (respect)
बदसूरत (ugly/bad appearance)
बदहज़मी (indigestion/bad digestion)
बदनसीबी (unfortunate/ill fate)
बदबू (stench/bad smell)
बदकिस्मती (bad/ill fate)
budsoorat
budhazmi
budnaseebi
budboo
budkismati
बद + सूरत (appearance/face)
बद + हज़मी (digestion)
बद + नसीबी (fate)
बद + बू (smell)
बद + किस्मती (fate/luck)
सुसंगत (good company)
सुविख्यात (good/well known)
सुविचार (good thoughts)
susangat
suvikhyaat
suvichar
सु + संगत (company)
सु + विख्यात (known)
सु + विचार (good thoughts)
मनोविज्ञान (mind/mental science/psychology)
मनोबल (mental strength)
मनोकामना (mind’s wish)
मनोरोग (mental disease)
manovigyaan
manobal
manokaamna
manorog
मनो+ विज्ञान (science)
मनो + बल (strength)
मनो + कामना (wish/desire)
मनो +रोग (disease)

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About the Author:Nitya

Namaste, friends. My name is Nitya. I was born and raised in Mumbai (formerly Bombay). I'm a native Hindi speaker. However, as life took me through school, college, work, and waves of friends from different parts of India, my repertoire of Hindi flavors and dialects grew and added dimension to my native fluency. Casual, formal, colloquial, and regional ... Hindi is a language with incredible variety and localization. Through this blog, I will help you learn Hindi through conversations, vocabulary, colloquialisms, and glimpses of Indian culture. आओ, मिलकर हिंदी सीखते हैं। (Aao, milkar Hindi seekhte hain!) Come, let's learn Hindi together.


Comments:

  1. Todd:

    Thanks for this. This is really helpful. I learn best from understanding the mechanics and knowing things like prefixes is really helpful since you don’t have to learn 100 words, just 50 words and one prefix.

    • Nitya:

      @Todd Glad you find it useful! That’s the idea–to learn a few words and understand a lot more.

      Best,
      Nitya