Numbers in Indonesian Posted by asimonoff on Jan 22, 2015 in Uncategorized
Counting in Indonesian is almost similar to English; both languages use the same symbols to represent numbers, the structure of numbers, and the numbering rules, such as zero to nine, belas for -teen, puluh for tens, ratus for hundreds, ribu for thousands, etc.
|0||Nol||zero||21||dua puluh satu||twenty|
|1||satu||one||25||dua puluh lima||twenty five|
|3||tiga||three||34||tiga puluh empat||thirty four|
|5||lima||five||47||empat puluh tujuh||forty seven|
|7||tujuh||seven||59||lima puluh sembilan||fifty nine|
|10||sepuluh||ten||75||tujuh puluh lima||seventy five|
|13||tiga belas||thirteen||90||sembilan puluh||ninety|
|20||dua puluh||twenty||100||seratus||one hundred|
The brief Indonesian number rules are as follows:
- Single digits are handled the same way as in English, such as nol (0), satu (1), dua (2), 3 (tiga), …
- The numbers are spelled with spaces in-between the numbers, with the exception of “se-“, meaning “one”: sepuluh (10), dua puluh (20), tiga puluh empat (34), …
- Use “se-” to replace “satu”, which means “one”, and it is written in one word with the base unit numbers: sebelas (11), sepuluh (10), seratus (100), seribu (1000), sepuluh ribu (10,000), seratus ribu (100,000), …
- The teens, from eleven to nineteen, are formed by adding the “belas” word to the basic numbers from one to nine: sebelas (11), dua belas (12), tiga belas (13), empat belas (14), …
- The tens are formed from the multiplier number, followed by the “puluh” word: sepuluh (10), dua puluh (20), tiga puluh (30), empat puluh (40), …
- The hundreds and thousands are written the same ways as tens: seratus (100), tiga ratus (300), impact ribu (4000), …
Don’t be confused by the following:
- The millions vs. billions.
Indonesian for millions is “juta”, and billions is “milyar”, but the word for trillions in Indonesian is similar to English, which is “trilyun”.
- Comma versus Dot.
To separate numbers higher than 999, Indonesian adds a dot, instead of a comma as in English. For example, 1,675,524 is written 1.675.524 (satu juta enam ratus tujuh puluh lima ribu lima ratus dua puluh empat). To separate numbers in decimals: the Indonesian decimal for “2.5” means “2,5” in English, etc.
- Nol versus Kosong
There are two words used for zero in Indonesian, which are “nol” and “kosong”. The “nol” is usually used to refer to counting or cardinal numbers, while “kosong” is mostly used for telephone numbers, hotel room numbers, or code numbers.
- Angka versus Nomor
As it is in English, Indonesian also has different words for numbers and numerals. “Angka” is used to refer to a written symbol of the number, such as “angka satu”, which means the written number of 1 or a statistical figure. Meanwhile, “nomor” is used to refer to a number that has a specific meaning, such as a social security number, license plate number, house number, queue number, or hotel room number.
To form ordinal numbers in Indonesian, attach the prefix “ke-“ to the number itself, except for the 1st, which has two words, the “pertama” or “kesatu”.
Note: Juara – winner
|Kesatu/Pertama||1st – first||Kesebelas||11th – eleventh|
|Kedua||2nd – second||Kedua puluh||20th – twentieth|
|Ketiga||3rd – third||Ketiga puluh||30th – thirtieth|
|Keempat||4th – fourth||Ketiga puluh empat||34th – thirty-fourth|
|Kelima||5th – fifth||Keempat puluh||40th – fortieth|
|Keenam||6th – sixth||Kelima puluh||50th – fiftieth|
|Ketujuh||7th – seventh||Keenam puluh||60th – sixtieth|
|Kedelapan||8th – eighth||Ketujuh puluh||70th – seventieth|
|Kesembilan||9th – ninth||Keseratus||100th – hundredth|
|Kesepuluh||10th – tenth||Keseratus sepuluh||110th – one hundred tenth|
The 2nd versus both of …
In a sentence, the meaning of the ordinal number will be different when it is placed in a different order. For example:
- Saya anak kedua – I am the 2nd child. (The ordinal number is placed after a noun.) (The ordinal number is placed after a noun.)
- Kedua anak itu orang Indonesia – Both of them (the children) are Indonesians. (The ordinal number is placed at the beginning of a sentence.)