St. Bridget and St. Valentine in Irish (1 Feabhra agus 14 Feabhra) Posted by róislín on Jan 31, 2015 in Irish Language
While, yes, there is at least one saint for every day of the year, February is remarkable in celebrating two saints quite prominently. This is especially true in Ireland.
February 1st is celebrated as “Lá Fhéile Bríde” in Ireland, and to some extent, in other Celtic areas or diasporas. Anciently, it was recognized as “Imbolc,” celebrating the lactation of the ewes and other aspects of fertility associated with the pre-Christian Celtic goddess “Brigid” (Brigantia). Literally, the phrase “Lá Fhéile Bríde” [law AYL-yuh BRzhEEDJ-uh] means “day (of the) feast (of) Bridget. Notice the word for “saint” (“naomh” in Irish), is not part of the phrase. St. Bridget herself would be “Naomh Bríd.” This point has been addressed in various previous blogs (naisc thíos). The word for “saint” is often left out of places, organizations, or things named after saints in Irish (m. sh. Scoil Mhuire and Pota Pádraig aka Pota Phádraig, more on that i mí an Mhárta, when we celebrate Lá Fhéile Pádraig).
Mid-month, we have Lá Fhéile Vailintín (ar an 14ú lá de mhí Feabhra). “Lá Fhéile Vailintín” is also sometimes known as “Lá Vailintín.” The saint himself is “San Vailintín.”
You may have noticed that there two different words for saints were used in the passages above: naomh and san. Typically, “Naomh,” is used for Irish saints and “San” is used for non-Irish saints. That’s an interesting distinction that I haven’t noticed in any other languages. I’ve checked a bit further for Scottish Gaelic and Manx and have only found a few relevant examples, with little (possibly no) use of “San.” Two significant examples include Naomh Anndra for St. Andrew (who was Galilean, not Scottish) and Naomh Antaine an Padua (naomh for a non-Celtic saint). I see the word “san” meaning “holy” in Scottish Gaelic, but is it used as a title? Worth looking into further, but it seems so far that it is mostly “Naomh” in Scottish Gaelic.
At any rate, it seems that the system is reasonably clear within the languages themselves; it may just be in translation that some questions may arise.
And now, do you remember looking over some of the background saints’ names in Irish from some previous blogposts (naisc thíos, if you want a refresher). Here’s a little matching quiz to check it out. The answers, plus one extra are in the word bank. Which word would you use as the saint’s title and how would you complete some of the related terms?
Banc Focal: Naomh San na Naomh San Naomh naomh Naoimh San San Naomh San
- _______________ Caitríona
- _______________ Pádraig
- Oíche Fhéile ______ Seáin
- _______________ Colm Cille
- __________luan (a halo)
- Madra _________ Bearnard
- _______ Críostóir-Nimheas (an logainm)
And here are a few we didn’t discuss in the blogs listed but which you might be able to figure out:
- ____________ Caoimhín
- Lá ______________ Uile
- ______________ Peadar agus Pól
Tá na freagraí thíos. Slán go fóill and hope you enjoyed working these out.
- San Caitríona
- Naomh Pádraig
- Oíche Fhéile San Seáin
- Naomh Colm Cille
- Madra San Bearnard
- San Críostóir-Nimheas
- Naomh Caoimhín
- Lá na Naomh Uile
- Naoimh Peadar agus Pól. Hmm, why based on “naomh” and not “san” — is it because “san” has no plural? The phrase for their martyrdom drops the “saint” part and is, starkly, “mairtíreacht Pheadair agus Phóil.” And Googling yields one, just one, example of “San Peadar agus San Pól.” Is there any specific explanation or, was it just style? Food for future thought.
An focal breise? There was one too many “San” in the “banc focal.”
https://blogs.transparent.com/irish/beirt-naomh-mhi-na-feabhra-naomh-brid-agus-san-vailintin/ Beirt Naomh Mhí na Feabhra: Naomh Bríd agus San Vailintín Posted on 03. Feb, 2014 by róislín in Irish Language
https://blogs.transparent.com/irish/feabhra-na-bhfeilte-s-na-bhfeiseanna-february-holidays-and-festivals/ Feabhra na bhFéilte ‘s na bhFeiseanna (February Holidays and Festivals) Posted on 31. Jan, 2013 by róislín in Irish Language