Korean Language Blog

Learn Korean “Whether (or not)” Posted by on May 11, 2015 in Uncategorized

“Whether (or not)” is high frequency you need to learn in Korean. The grammar rule is v.s. + (ㄴ/은)지 for present. For instance, I don’t know whether you like it/ 나는 네가 그것을 좋아하는지 모르겠다: 좋아하다 is action verb, so need to add 는지 =좋아하는지. Remember when there is 하다 at the end of verb stem is action verb. Let see one more example with descriptive verb “덥다/hot (weather)” – I don’t know tomorrow will be hot/ 내일 더울지 모르겠어요. 덥다-더우-더울지. As you see, I added ㄹ instead of ㄴfor future tense. If it is present tense, you should say 더운지, and with past tense you should say 더웠는지. The grammar for past tense is “+ㅆ는지”. For the 좋아하다 is 좋아했는지. Please read examples below with all tense.

먹다/to eat

I don’t know whether you ate/ 네가 먹었는지 모르겠다.    Past

I don’t know whether you eat/ 네가 먹는지 모르겠다.        Present

I don’t know whether you will eat/ 네가 먹을지 모르겠다. Future


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About the Author: Soo

Soo came to America in 2002 for studying English and getting degrees in higher education. He’d never expected to work in America after he finished his college, but he got a great job in construction and had worked with them for three years. He also has working as a FT and PT Korean instructor and tutor for seven years in Korean and America. He got his TESOL certificate in 2011 and finished his master’s degree in 2014.