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Latin Abbreviations Posted by on Jun 27, 2011 in Latin Language

Just like how we use abbreviations in English, the ancient Romans also used abbreviations in their writings. Do you know some of the following abbreviations?

(1)   et seq.

(2)  a.m.

(3)  c.

(4)  e.g

(5)  AUC

(6)  Et ux.

(7)  P.a

(8)  Etc.

(9)  A.p.

(10) Fec.

(11) HJ

(12) i.e

(13) L.S.

(14) p.m.

(15) qm

Answers

(1)   et sequens (and the following) [used after listing items]

(2)  ante meridiem (before midday) [So 1 am in ancient Rome meant one hour before noon, not one hour after the 12 hour period of the day, which is how we use a.m.]

(3)  circa (approximately)

(4)  exempli gratia (for the sake of example)

(5)  ab urbe condita (from the founding of the City) [used in the writings of some ancient Roman historians, especially in reference to Romulus and Remus.]

(6)  et uxor (and wife)

(7)  per annum (yearly)

(8)  et cetera (and the rest) [we pronounce this as ‘ex setera’ but the ancient Romans would have pronounced this as ‘et ketera’]

(9)  ante prandium (before a meal)

(10)  fecit (made by)

(11) Hic jacet (here lies) [found on many tombs]

(12) Id est (that is to say)

(13) lectori salutem (greetings to the reader)

(14) (post meridiem) after midday

(15) quaque mane (every morning)

 

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