## The cardinal numerals

The cardinal numerals express the number or quantity. Most of the cardinal did not decline, the only ones that were declined are:

 UNO Masculine Feminine Neuter Nominative unus una unum Accusative unum unam unum Genitive unius Dative uni Ablative uno una uno

 DOS Masculine Feminine Neuter Nominative duo duae duo Accusative duos duas duo Genitive duorum duarum duorum Dative duobus duabus duobus Ablative duobus duabus duobus

 TRES Masculine Feminine Neuter Nominative tres tria Accusative tres tria Genitive trium Dative tribus Ablative tribus

The numeral centum (“hundred”) can not be declined, but the other hundreds are declined like the plural of an adjective of the first class.

The numeral mille (‘thousand’)can not be declined, but the other thousands are expressed by the plural milia, milium, which is declined as an neuter of the third declension.

## The ordinal numerals

The ordinal numerals add to the idea of number ​​the idea of ​​order. They are declined like adjectives of the first class. It is usually used for years (anno vicesimo tertio), hours (hora nona), the books which are part of a work (liber septimus) in the names of kings (Ptolomaeus tertius) in the fractions (tertia pars), and with the duration accusative (vicesimum annum iam regnat).
• simplex, simplicis: simple.
• duplex, duplicis: double.
• triplex, triplicis: triple.
• quintuplex, quintuplicis: quintuple.
• decemplex, decemplicis: tenfold.
• centumplex, centumplicis: hundredfold.

## The distributive numerals

Indicate groups of individuals, so singular form does not exist. They are declined like adjectives of the first class. Retains its value distribution to indicate:

• The distribution for person or objects: veteranis quingenos denarios dat (veterans are given five hundred pence each)
• The multiplicand of a multiplication: quater septeni (four times seven)

With no distribution value, replacing a cardinal numeral, the distributive is used:
• With names of objects that are paired: binos scyphos habebam (I had a couple of cups)
• Accompanying nouns that are used only in plural: bina castra (two camps), ternae litterae (three letters)
Keep learning Latin with us!

Build vocabulary, practice pronunciation, and more with Transparent Language Online. Available anytime, anywhere, on any device.