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More on the Third Declension Nominative Posted by on Jul 16, 2010 in Latin Language

Continuing from the last lesson, there are also third declension nouns neuter nouns that end in –t :

Caput movet = the head moves (caput = head.)

There are also neuter nouns that end in –c :

Lac appōnit = the milk was set before (the table). (lac = milk. Appōnere = to set before (the table), to place near, to serve up)

There are also third declension nouns that end in –e :

Mare scapham perdit = the sea is destroying the boat. (mare = sea. Perdere = to destory, to ruin)

There are neuter nouns of the third declension that have Greek origins and end in –a :

Theōrēma ēvolvit =  the theorem is expanding (theōrēma = theorem. Ēvolvere = to unfold, to expand, to unroll)

Third declension nouns that end in –ō are generally feminine :

Terra virgō = virgin soil. (virgō = virgin. Terra = soil, land, earth)

But not all the time :

Leō perdit terram = the lion is destroying the land. (leō = lion. Perdere = to destory, ruin)

Now let’s move on to the plural nominative.

Cūstōs = jailor (in the masculine nominative singular). Cūstōdēs = jailors (in the masculine nominative plural)

Fēlēs = cat (in the feminine nominative singular). Fēlēs = cats (in the feminine nominative plural)

Cervīx = neck (feminine nominative singular). Cervīcēs = necks (feminine nominative plural)

Rēx = king (masculine nominative singular). Rēgēs = kings (masculine nominative plural)

Māter = mother (feminine nominative singular). Mātrēs = mothers (feminine nominative plural)

Pater = father (masculine nominative singular). Patrēs = fathers (masculine nominative plural)

Flūmin = river (neuter nominative singular). Flūmina = rivers (neuter nominative plural)

Opus = work (neuter nominative singular). Opera = works (neuter nominative plural)

Animal = animal (neuter nominative singular). Animālia = animals (neuter nominative plural)

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