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Personal Pronouns in Pashto Posted by on Jul 27, 2012 in Uncategorized

Personal Pronouns in Pashto

A Pronoun that refers to a person, a group of persons, or a thing is called personal pronoun. (e.g., he, she, it, I, we, you, they) In Pashto language, there are more personal pronouns than in English. The other difference is that the personal pronouns in Pashto can be dropped, which means you can omit the personal pronouns from some sentences and the sentence will still convey the same meaning. That is because the verb conjugation in Pashto indicates who the verb is used for. The following are the personal pronouns in Pashto and their explanation.

English                    Pashto                transliteration

I                                 زه                      za

You (singular)         ته                         ta

He/she/it                 هغه                      hagha  ( This pronouns is used when talking about someone who is absent or in a distance from the speaker.)

He/she                      دا                      daa (This pronouns is used when the third person e.g. he/she/it is present and close to the speaker; also, we can use the pronoun دی “Day” for men)

We                         مونږ                       moong

You (plural)         تاسو/تاسې                  Tasee/tasoo 

They                      هغوی                      haghooi  (Used for people absent or far from the speaker. )

They                      دوی                        dooi  (Used for people present or close to the speaker.)

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About the Author:Sayed Naqibullah

Sayed Naqibullah speaks Pashto and Dari as his native languages. Since 2004 he has been teaching Dari and Pashto and working as cultrual advisor to NGO workers, foreigners who live, work, or are visiting Afghanistan. Sayed has worked as a linguist for several companies that produce language course-ware. He has worked as a guide, interpreter and translator of a number of NGOs working in Afghanistan. Sayed is also a blog writer on Afghan culture and languages. He is the author of a Dari language textbook called “Dari as a Second Language”.


Comments:

  1. Barbara Murphy-Bridge:

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