Religion in Afghanistan Posted by Sayed Naqibullah on Oct 25, 2012 in Basic
Article two of the constitution of Afghanistan which was approved in 2004 states that, “The sacred religion of Islam is the religion of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Followers of other faiths shall be free within the bounds of law in the exercise and performance of their religious rituals.”
Majority of Afghans are Sunni Muslims and a minority of Afghans are Shiite. Less than one percent of the Afghan population follows other religions such as Hinduism, Sikhism. There used to be some Afghan Jews in Afghanistan but currently, according to some reports, there is only one Jew left in Afghanistan.
Religion is the core of Afghan society. The single most important thing for the Afghan people is religion; therefore as a student of Afghan language and culture it is very important to understand how sensitive and important the issue of religion in Afghanistan is, so much so that the Afghan Constitution states that no law can be contrary to the sacred religion of Islam.
Mosques and shrines are considered holy places and highly respected. Regardless of where you are in the country, you will hear the call for prayer through the loudspeakers five times a day. Mosques are places where people gather to perform congregational prayer five times a day. It won’t take one very long to find a mosque; there are several mosques even in a very small neighborhood. Further details are described in the accompanying video. The following are some religion related vocabulary in Pashto.
English Transliteration Pashto
Mosque Jumaat جومات
Prayer lemunz لمونځ
Call for prayer azaan اذان
Shrine zeyaarat زیارت
Religion deen دین
Muslim musulmaan مسلمان
Christian esawee عیسوي
Jew yahoodee یهودي
Hindu hindu هندو
God khdaai خدای
Prophet Paighamber پیغمبر
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