Describing personality in Polish Posted by on Jul 27, 2015 in Vocabulary

Attempts to describe personality types, character traits, and temperaments have always amused people. Even though human personality has defied all attempts to categorize it into a few types, so many attempts have been made to do so. It was the Greeks who first attempted a description of human personality and character. They categorized human personality under the scope of the four temperaments – sanguine, choleric, phlegmatic and melancholic.


Today language has a variety of words for describing people, their personality, character and temperament. These words can be categorized into words that describe a person’s general behavior and outlook, attitude towards others, attitude towards money and property, and his/her view of life.

Here is a list of some Polish words describing someone’s character:

accurate – dokładny
aggressive – agresywny
ambitious – ambitny
bore – nudziarz
boring – nudny
carefree – beztroski
character – charakter
cheeky – bezczelny
clever – zdolny
conceited – zarozumiały
courageous – odważny
coward – tchórz
cowardly – tchórzliwy
cruel – okrutny
dishonest – nieuczciwy
faithful – wierny
feature – cecha
friendly – przyjazny
full of energy – energiczny
generous – wielkoduszny
genuine – szczery
honest – uczciwy
incurable optimist – niepoprawny optymista
intellectual – intelektualista
introvert – introwertyk
lazy – leniwy
lazybones – leń
liar – kłamca
mean – skąpy
modest – skromny
nervous – nerwowy
nice – miły
non-stop talker – gaduła
nosy – wścibski
optimist – optymista
patient – cierpliwy
personality – osobowość
pessimist – pesymista
pleasant – przyjemny
polite – uprzejmy; grzeczny
responsible – odpowiedzialny
shy – nieśmiały
sociable – towarzyski
strange – dziwny
stubborn – uparty
stupid – głupi
tactful – taktowny
tidy – porządny
tolerant – tolerancyjny
truthful – prawdomówny
warm-hearted – serdeczny

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About the Author: Kasia

My name is Kasia Scontsas. I grew near Lublin, Poland and moved to Warsaw to study International Business. I have passion for languages: any languages! Currently I live in New Hampshire. I enjoy skiing, kayaking, biking and paddle boarding. My husband speaks a little Polish, but our daughters are fluent in it! I wanted to make sure that they can communicate with their Polish relatives in our native language. Teaching them Polish since they were born was the best thing I could have given them! I have been writing about learning Polish language and culture for Transparent Language’s Polish Blog since 2010.