Future Tense of Perfective and Imperfective Verbs Posted by Anna on Aug 14, 2009 in Grammar
One of you (once again, I can always count on you, my fab readers!) wanted to know more about this whole verb aspect issue. More specifically, how to tell whether a verb is perfective or imperfective by looking at its future tense form.
And finally, this is one thing that is actually very simple, easy and straightforward in Polish. Really!
Let’s use these two verbs that you should already know from the previous post about aspect: pomóc and pomagać (to help).
Which one of those is perfective? If you know how to create future tense forms of Polish verbs, finding out the aspect is a piece of cake.
Take a look at all the future tense forms of “pomóc”:
- ja (I) – pomogę
- ty (you, singular) – pomożesz
- on, ona, ono (he, she, it) – pomoże
- my (we) – pomożemy
- wy (you, plural) – pomożecie
- oni, one (they, masculine, feminine) – pomogą
and now let’s see what happens with “pomagać”:
- ja (I) – będę pomagać (or for feminine “I” – będę pomagała; masculine – będę pomagał)
- ty (you, singular) – będziesz pomagać (or for feminine you – będziesz pomagała; masculine – będziesz pomagał)
- on, ona, ono (he, she, it) – będzie pomagać (or for she – będzie pomagała, he – będzie pomagał, it – będzie pomagało)
- my (we) – będziemy pomagać (or for feminine we – będziemy pomagały; masculine or mixed gender – będziemy pomagali)
- wy (you, plural) – będziecie pomagać (or for feminine you plural – będziecie pomagały; masculine or mixed gender – będziecie pomagali)
- oni, one (they, masculine, feminine) – będą pomagać (or for feminine they – będą pomagały; masculine or mixed gender – będą pomagali)
See the difference? The perfective form is just a single word without any “będę” in front of it. And that’s exactly how you can tell if a verb is perfective or not. All the double bits with “będę/będziesz, etc” are imperfective verbs.
I told you it would be easy. What may not be easy is how to create all those future tense forms. But that’s a whole another story for another blog post.
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