Polish Language Blog

Poland’s political system Posted by on Jan 22, 2014 in Uncategorized

So most of you probably know about it…but just in case anyone is wondering and want to know more about political system in Poland…here is more facts.

Poland is a democracy, with a president (prezydent) as a head of state, whose current constitution dates from 1997. The government (rząd) structure centers on the Council of Ministers (Rada Ministrów), led by a prime minister (premier). The president appoints the cabinet (gabinet) according to the proposals of the prime minister, typically from the majority coalition in the Sejm. The president is elected by popular vote every five years. The current president is Bronisław Komorowski. The current prime minister, Donald Tusk, was appointed in 2007 after his party made significant gains in that year’s parliamentary elections. In 2011, Tusk became the first Polish prime minister in history to be democratically re-elected for a consecutive term.

Polish voters elect a bicameral parliament consisting of a 460-member lower house (Sejm) and a 100-member Senate (Senat). The Sejm is elected under proportional representation according to the d’Hondt method, a method similar to that used in many parliamentary political systems. The Senat, on the other hand, is elected under the First-past-the-post voting method, with one senator being returned from each of the 100 constituencies.

Poland as a membership of the most important international organisations:

European Union (EU)

United Nations Organisation UN)

Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBS)

Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA)

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)

World Health Organisation (WHO)

World Trade Organisation (WTO)

Central European Initiative (CEI)

Organisation for Cooperation and Development (OECD)

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)

Do następnego razu… (Till next time…)

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About the Author: Kasia

My name is Kasia Scontsas. I grew near Lublin, Poland and moved to Warsaw to study International Business. I have passion for languages: any languages! Currently I live in New Hampshire. I enjoy skiing, kayaking, biking and paddle boarding. My husband speaks a little Polish, but our daughters are fluent in it! I wanted to make sure that they can communicate with their Polish relatives in our native language. Teaching them Polish since they were born was the best thing I could have given them! I have been writing about learning Polish language and culture for Transparent Language’s Polish Blog since 2010.