How to Make Nouns Plural in Portuguese Posted by Adir on May 7, 2013 in Grammar, Learning
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01. Words ending in vowels, just add an -s.
cama [bed] – camas [beds]
tia [aunt] – tias [aunts]
caderno [notebook] – cadernos [notebooks]
pé [foot] – pés [feet]
02. Words ending in “r” “s” or “z”, just add the “es” ending.
cobertor [blanket] – cobertores [blankets]
mês [month] – meses [months]
nariz [nose] – narizes [noses]
luz [light] – luzes [lights]
03. Words ending in -al, -el, -il, -ol.
sinal [sign] – sinais [signs]
capital [capital] – capitais [capitals]
hotel [hotel] – hoteis [hotels]
anel [ring] – aneis [rings]
funil [funnel] – funis [funnels]
barril [barrel] – barris [barrels]
farol [lighthouse] – faróis [lighthouses]
lençol [sheet] – lençóis [sheets]
04. Words ending in “ão”
irmão [brother] – irmãos [brothers]
mão [hand] – mãos [hand]
cão [dog] – cães [dogs]
mansão [mansion] – mansões [mansions]
pão [bread] – pães [bread]
organização [organization] – organizações [organizations]
gavião [hawk] – gaviões [hawks]
avião [airplane] – aviões [airplanes]
05. Words ending in -em.
trem [train] – trens [trains]
nuvem [cloud] – nuvens [clouds]
06. Some words are always plural and they’re conjugated with a plural verb.
as calças [pants]
as férias [vacation]
as costas [back – body part]
os óculos [glasses]
os parabéns [congratulations]
There are some more complex plural forms, but we are going to get into that today. A good tip is to pay attention to when plural words are used when you are reading a text, listening to a dialogue or speaking in Portuguese.
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