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Indefinite Adjectives and Pronouns em Português Posted by on Jun 14, 2016 in Grammar, Learning

Indefinite adjectives and pronouns can be quite tricky since they are used in differently different languages, even though most of them have literal translations. Let’s take a look at how to say any, each, no, some, none, every, other, another, all, nothing and a few others.

 

15uenp

 

  1. Alguém – somebody/anybody: used in affirmative and interrogative sentences.
  • Tem alguém no banheiro? – Is there anybody in the bathroom?
  • Eu conheço alguém que pode te ajudar. – I know somebody who can help you.

 

  1. Ninguém – anybody/nobody/no one: used in negative sentences or negative idea.
  • Não tem ninguém em casa. – There is nobody home.
  • Ninguém foi à festa de aniversário da Marta. – No one went to Marta’s birthday party.

 

  1. Algum (a) s) – some/any: can vary according to number and gender (algum, alguns, alguma, algumas).
  • Alguns dos meus livros são mais velhos do que eu. – Some of my books are older than me.
  • Você tem alguma ideia onde eu posso comprar um canivete? – Do you have any idea where I can buy a penknife?

 

  1. Nenhum (a) – none/no/any: can vary according to gender (nenhum, nenhuma), it is used in negative sentences or negative ideas.
  • Eu não tenho nenhumI don’t have any money.
  • Luisa não recebeu nenhuma mensagem sobre o assunto. – Luisa did not get any messages on the subject.

 

  1. Qualquer – any: always followed by a noun.
  • Eu faria qualquer coisa por ele. – I would do anything for him.
  • – Qual filme você quer ver? / – Qualquer um… – – Which film would you like to watch? / – Any film…

 

  1. Todo (a)(s) – every/all: can vary according to number and gender (todo, todos, toda, todas), it is always followed by a noun.
  • Natália comeu todas as laranjas. – Natália ate all the oranges.
  • Meu filho gosta de todo mundo na escola. – My son likes everybody in school.

 

  1. Tudo – everything/every/all: there is no plural form or any other variation, it is not followed by a noun.
  • Meu cachorro come tudo que vê pela frente – My dog eats everything he sees.

 

  1. Outro (a)(s) – other/another: can vary according to number and gender (outro, outros, outra, outras).
  • Não posso ir, tenho outras coisas para fazer. – I can’t go, I have other things to do.
  • Marcus comprou outroMarcus bought another car.

 

  1. Nada – nothing: there is no plural form or any other variation, it us used in negative sentences or negative idea.
  • Não entendo nada de computador – I know nothing about computers.
  • Não tem nada que eu possa fazer. – There is nothing I can do.

 

  1. Cada – each: there is no plural form or any other variation
  • Cada aluno deve apresentar seu projeto amanhã. – Each student has present their project tomorrow.
  • Sou mais feliz a cadaI am happier each day.

 

Boa semana à todos e à todas!

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