Tips on learning Japanese

Posted on 19. May, 2015 by in Culture, Grammar

kitsune

Photo from St Stev on flickr.com

 

Taking a break from learning this month’s theme: Kanji’s, I wanted to share these useful tips on learning Japanese as a second language. Some of these could be applied to any foreign language you might be studying besides Japanese. I would like everyone out there who is learning Japanese to be successful. Try these tips as you learn Japanese or any other foreign language.

 

Tips on how to increase language ability at home

Japanese is just like any other foreign languages out there. There are mainly two parts to the language ability. One is the ability to carry day to day conversation: Conversational Aspect. The other is the ability to read and write, what I would call, Academic Aspect. Which one is more important to you? If you would like to just simply be able to communicate with someone in Japanese, or would like to be able to understand spoken Japanese, you are more focused on conversational aspect of learning Japanese. However, if your goal is to be able to write a letter/emails in Japanese or be able to read a Japanese newspaper, you would need to focus on reading and writing aspect of Japanese learning.

 

Speak More Japanese at Home

Even if you are new to Japanese, try to speak what you already know over and over at home. Learn simple greetings in Japanese first, such as Good morning(Ohayo gozaimasu おはよう ございます), Good afternoon or Hello (Konnichiwa, こんにちは), Good evening(Konbanwa こんばんは), Good night(Oyasumi nasai おやすみなさい). Use these with your friends or partner throughout the day.

Slowly expand your knowledge to include, “Bon appétit,” (Itadakimasu いただきます) and Thank you for the meal (Gochi so samadeshita, ごちそうさまでした). At every meal, you can practice these two expressions before and after eating.

Depending on the vocabulary you might know, you could always try to use them even in your English conversation.  If you don’t know how to say a whole sentence in Japanese, try the following:

To say: “I bought strawberries today.”,  If you only know the word, strawberries in Japanese, which is Ichigo(いちご), You might just say “I bought Ichigo today.”  or “I ate mikan (orange) today”, ” I want gohan(rice) for dinner.”, etc… Important thing is to keep using Japanese words you know as frequently as possible so it will be natural to you to be speaking in Japanese.

 

If your focus is in academic aspect of learning Japanese, try

 

Using sticky notes…

to write simple reminder, a memo or message in Japanese. You don’t have to write a long sentence. If you would like to remind yourself to bring umbrella tomorrow, look up the word, umbrella in Japanese and write it on a sticky notes. (Umbrella will be Kasa, 傘、かさ in Japanese) If you do this once a day, imagine how quickly you can build your vocabulary! You can even save all the sticky notes you wrote in your notebook to look back what you wrote so far so you can keep learning new vocabulary every day.

 

Exchange a diary with your partner who is also learning Japanese

This is called, Kokan nikki (こうかんにっき、交換日記)in Japanese. You simply write today’s diary and give it to your friend the next day. Your friend will write his/her diary next and give the diary back to you to read it. Again, start small. You do not need to try writing long sentences to begin with.

 

Check out Japanese picture books from local library

To become familiar with written Japanese, picture books are great tool to get started. Since the expressions used in picture books are not as complicated as the ones you would find on the newspaper, reading Japanese picture books is a great place to start learning. Once you read the book, you can also practice writing them by copying the words in the book.

 

Create your list in Japanese

If you need to make a list of grocery items for tonight, why don’t you write them in Japanese? If you don’t know the Hiragana, then just use Romaji.  It will be a good review on vocabulary you already know.

 

Try writing a short essay for special occasion

Once you know most of Hiragana, write a short essay for special occasion in Japanese. Another way of increasing the writing time is to write a short essay for any special occasion. Your birthday, Christmas, New Years, and Independence Day, April Fool’s Day etc..  It doesn’t have to be a holiday to write. If you had a nice day, write a short diary or essay about the day to cherish it forever.

Kanji Challenge – Part 2

Posted on 14. May, 2015 by in Culture, Grammar

hon

Photo from Jean-François Chénier on flickr.com

 

In my previous blog, I have started the first Kanji Challenge where I have listed the first set of simple Kanji’s, number 1 through 10 (一 ~ 十).  Before I keep posting more of the Kanji challenges, I wanted to introduce you to what we call, “Radical”, in Kanji,, which will be very important to know before studying Kanji’s.

 

What is Radical?

Radical is simply a section header. In Japanese, it is called, Bushu (ぶしゅ、部首). Each Kanji has a Bushu within the component of Kanji, which is a graphical meaning indicator built in to it.  Once you master a good amount of  Bushu (ぶしゅ、部首), it will be easier for you to read each Kanji, even though you might not know how to pronounce each Kanji correctly, at least you would know what it means. That’s why it is very important to master Bushu (ぶしゅ、部首) for Kanji.

 

Examples of Bushu (ぶしゅ、部首)

There are 214 Bushu’s all total. See below, this chart categorizes bushu’ based on number of strokes it takes to write it.  It is not easy at all to memorize them all these. I will start with simple and most common ones to start with.

部首一覧
康熙字典 214 部首
1 丿 2
3
广
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11 鹿
12 13 14 15
16 17

Source: Wikipedia Japanese 

 

 

Let’s learn some Bushu (ぶしゅ、部首)

Here are some simple ones to start learning.

 

艹 – くさ、くさかんむり (Kusakanmuri) 

Any Kanji’s that has this bushu means it is related to flowers or grass. For example:

花 - This Kanji means Flower. “Hana” はな

薬 -    This Kanji means medicine. “Kusuri” くすり

 

宀 – うかんむり (Ukanmuri)

Any Kanji’s that has this bushu means it is related to house or roof. For example:

家 -    This Kanji means house. “Ie” いえ

安 -    This Kanji means Peaceful. “An” あん

 

雨 - あめかんむり (Amekanmuri)

Any Kanji’s that has this bushu means it is related to rain or weather. For example:

雲 -    This Kanji means cloud. “Kumo” くも

雪 -    This Kanji means snow. “Yuki” ゆき

 

By knowing what the radical is for each Kanji, it gives you a good hint on how to figure out its meaning. Hope this lesson was helpful. For upcoming Kanji lessons, I will start incorporating new bushu each time so you will know more of bushu along with new Kanji’s. Stay tuned !

 

Kanji Challenge – Part 1

Posted on 11. May, 2015 by in Culture, Grammar

ishi

Photo from Sushicam on flickr.com

 

This month, I would like to focus on Kanji’s. As you know, Kanji is just a character , and it is part of the three Japanese writing styles. However, the use of it becomes pretty complex unless you know its meaning and how to pronounce it correctly.

 

I would like to show you step by step how you can incorporate Kanji’s into your everyday Japanese. Starting with the basics, I will show you how you can replace your Hiragana knowledge with Kanji’s to expland your Japanese language ability.  Kanji can be hard at first, but trust me, you can take one character at a time, and eventually, you will love using Kanjis. The focus here is all about speaking and reading. Not so much about writing them.

 

With that said, let’s first start with the most basic Kanji’s. The numbers, 1 through 10! They are written as:

一 (ichi) いち

二  (ni) に

三  (san) さん

四  (shi, yon) し

五  (go) ご

六  (roku) ろく

七  (nana, shichi) なな

八 (hachi) はち

九 (kyu) きゅう

十 (ju) じゅう

These are the most basic Kanji’s you can learn at first.  Once you memorize these 10 Kanji’s, the rest is not too bad. When you count in Japanese, 11 through 20 will be:

十一 (ju-ichi) じゅういち

十二 (ju-ni) じゅうに

十三 (ju-san) じゅうさん

十四 (ju-shi) じゅうし

十五 (ju-go) じゅうご

十六 (ju-roku) じゅうろく

十七 (ju-nana) じゅうなな

十八 (ju-hachi) じゅうはち

十九 (ju-ku) じゅうく

二十 (ni ju) にじゅう

Not too bad, right?

Here are some sentences how you can use what you just learned.

How old is your son? 

あなたの むすこさんは なんさい ですか?Anatano musukosanwa nansai deuka?

~He is 2 years old.

かれは、二さい です。

Karewa 2 sai desu.

~He is 10 years old.

かれは、十さい です。

Karewa 10 sai desu.

~He is 16 years old. 

かれは、十六さい です。

Karewa 16 sai desu.

______________________________________

What is today’s date?

きょうの ひにちは なんですか?

Kyono hinichiwa nandesuka?

~Today is January 14th.

きょうは 一がつ 十四にち です。

Kyowa  ichigatsu 14nichi desu.

~Today is February  19th.

きょうは 二がつ 十九にち です。

Kyowa  nigatsu jukyu nichi desu.

 

In next few blog posts, I will be introducing you to more Kanji’s. Stay tuned….