Crime in today’s world – crime vocabulary in Polish

Posted on 31. Jul, 2015 by in Crime, Safety, Vocabulary

In today’s world people aren’t like they use to be. The crime rate has tripled year after year, people you see everyday: murders, thieves and cheaters. I remember when everything was nice and quiet and never got to out of hand. When everybody knew each other and trusted one another. But that’s not how it is in today’s world. Here is some useful crime vocabulary in Polish. Hopefully you will never have to use it:)

crime

arson – podpalenie
assault – napad
attempted murder  – usiłowanie zabójstwa
to beat sb unconscious – pobić kogoś do nieprzytomności
blackmail – szantaż
blackmailer – szantażysta
brawl – bijatyka; burda
bribe – łapówka
brutal – brutalny
bullet-proof-  kuloodporny
burglar – włamywacz
burglary – włamanie
by force – przy użyciu siły
circumstances – okoliczności
circumstantial evidence – poszlaki
to commit a crime – popełnić przestępstwo
cop – gliniarz
crime – przestępczość; przestępstwo
danger – niebezpieczeństwo
dangerous – niebezpieczny
dangerously – niebezpiecznie
death – śmierć
to demand a ransom – żądać okupu
to denigrate – oczerniać; oczernić
deport – deportować
disorderly conduct – zakłócanie porządku publicznego
to embezzle – sprzeniewierzać; sprzeniewierzyć
embezzler – malwersant
felon – zbrodniarz
felony – ciężkie przestępstwo
forgery – fałszerstwo
fraud – oszustwo; oszust
fraudulent – oszukańczy
gang – gang
gang warfare – wojna gangów
gangster – gangster
handcuffs – kajdanki
he has a criminal record – był wcześniej karany
he is too young to be prosecuted – jest zbyt młody, żeby odpowiadać karnie
he was shot in the head – został postrzelony w głowę
hijacking – porwanie samolotu
hoodlum – bandzior
hooligan – chuligan
injured party – poszkodowany
injustice – niesprawiedliwość
interrogation – przesłuchanie
investigation – śledztwo; dochodzenie
investigator – śledczy
kidnapping – porwanie
killer – zabójca
manslaughter – nieumyślne spowodowanie śmierci
mercy – litość
misadventure – nieszczęśliwy wypadek
motive – motyw
mugger – zbir; bandyta uliczny
mugging – pobicie
murder – morderstwo
murderer – morderca
murderess – morderczyni
to perjure – krzywoprzysięgać
perjury – krzywoprzysięstwo
pickpocket – kieszonkowiec
pilfering – drobne kradzieże
ransom – okup
rape – gwałt
rapist – gwałciciel
riot – zamieszki
robber – rabuś
robbery – napad rabunkowy
shoplifting – kradzież sklepowa
smuggler – przemytnik
smuggling – przemyt
stabbing – napad z nożem
suspect – podejrzany
suspicion – podejrzenie
to take bribes – brać łapówki
the police are after him – ściga go policja
the thief got clean away – złodziej zniknął bez śladu
theft – kradzież
thief – złodziej
thieving – złodziejstwo
vandal – wandal
vandalism – wandalizm
to vandalize – dewastować; zdewastować
victim – ofiara
violence – przemoc
weapon – broń

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Describing personality in Polish

Posted on 27. Jul, 2015 by in Human body, Vocabulary

Attempts to describe personality types, character traits, and temperaments have always amused people. Even though human personality has defied all attempts to categorize it into a few types, so many attempts have been made to do so. It was the Greeks who first attempted a description of human personality and character. They categorized human personality under the scope of the four temperaments – sanguine, choleric, phlegmatic and melancholic.

multiple-heads

Today language has a variety of words for describing people, their personality, character and temperament. These words can be categorized into words that describe a person’s general behavior and outlook, attitude towards others, attitude towards money and property, and his/her view of life.

Here is a list of some Polish words describing someone’s character:

accurate – dokładny
aggressive – agresywny
ambitious – ambitny
bore – nudziarz
boring – nudny
carefree – beztroski
character – charakter
cheeky – bezczelny
clever – zdolny
conceited – zarozumiały
courageous – odważny
coward – tchórz
cowardly – tchórzliwy
cruel – okrutny
dishonest – nieuczciwy
faithful – wierny
feature – cecha
friendly – przyjazny
full of energy – energiczny
generous – wielkoduszny
genuine – szczery
honest – uczciwy
incurable optimist – niepoprawny optymista
intellectual – intelektualista
introvert – introwertyk
lazy – leniwy
lazybones – leń
liar – kłamca
mean – skąpy
modest – skromny
nervous – nerwowy
nice – miły
non-stop talker – gaduła
nosy – wścibski
optimist – optymista
patient – cierpliwy
personality – osobowość
pessimist – pesymista
pleasant – przyjemny
polite – uprzejmy; grzeczny
responsible – odpowiedzialny
shy – nieśmiały
sociable – towarzyski
strange – dziwny
stubborn – uparty
stupid – głupi
tactful – taktowny
tidy – porządny
tolerant – tolerancyjny
truthful – prawdomówny
warm-hearted – serdeczny

Music and musical instruments in Poland

Posted on 18. Jul, 2015 by in Culture, music, Vocabulary

Poland is home to a lively and varied musical tradition. Since the early middle ages, when around the 13th century the region’s earliest composers were experimenting with European composition styles and creating innovative works, Poland has nurtured its musical talent. Consequently, there are a whole range of eclectic musical styles that have thrived in Poland over the centuries, from the rhythmic fusion of Eastern European folk, to the flowing and timeless compositions of high Romanticism.

Most musical historians trace the roots of Poland’s successes to the 13th century, when composers began to experiment with polyphonic chant in much the same way that the musicians of the Franco-Prussian school in Germany and the West were doing. But it’s not until the 15th century that the first towering figure of Polish classical music emerges. Mikołaj Radomski, probably lived and worked in Kraków, but is really only known by the signature that identifies his works, which were excessively religious in theme.

At the court of Zygmunt III Vasa, who reigned as Poland’s king from 1566 to 1632, many musicians from Western Europe flocked to take advantage of increased patronage of the arts. The result was a sudden influx of baroque classical styles that came to be the trademark of the native Polish composers well into the next century (Adam Jarzębski and Bartłomiej Pękiel are particularly notable in this period).

The 19th century could fairly be considered as Poland’s golden age of musical success. After a period of artistic floundering, which saw musician after musician try to reinvigorate the previous successes of Poland’s opera boom, which had made Warsaw a centre of musical focus in the first half of the 16th century, Poland underwent a musical renaissance. In fact, the successes of the era are often put down to the development of what are now considered the central Polish folk and classical traditions. The polonez, for example, became popular in the early 19th century, but actually originated in the late 16th, permeated through Europe very prolifically, and a number of really recognisable composers tried their hand at the form (these include Beethoven and Bach).

However, it is widely recognised that the master of composition in the polonez form, was one of Poland’s own: Fryderyk Chopin. Today, he is regarded as one of the central figures in the rise and success of European Romantic music, and in Poland he is still a proud reminder of the nation’s historical musical prowess. The most famous of his polonez compositions is perhaps ‘The Military Polonaise’, which evokes the overarching nationalistic theme of Polish knighthood and victory over foreign invaders.

Poland also boasts a strong folk music heritage, and while this genre was heavily suppressed during the years of communist rule, it has undergone something of a modern resurgence, still enjoying popularity in many rural parts of the country today. In Zakopane in the south, for example, the central street, Ulica Krupówki, is lined with live music bars playing the region’s own Podhale folk style into the early hours.

In the late half of the 20th century, and particularly after the fall of communism, Poland has embraced a really wide range of musical styles. Most notably perhaps is the nation’s successes in the genre of Heavy Metal. Bands like Turbo, have been hailed as Poland’s answer to metal giants Iron Maiden, while hard rock festivals in the country continue to be extremely well attended.

Polish pop music is also alive and kicking, and you’d be hard pushed to find a Karaoke bar that doesn’t play at least one Polish hit in a night! What’s more, you only need to wander into any of the live jazz bars on offer in Poland’s major cities to realise how popular and successful the style has become among young musicians.

Like all things of culture in Poland, the country’s musical tradition is very much alive. Not only can the country lay claim to some of the great names in the European classical tradition, but there’s a certain atmosphere of enjoyment that prevails in the live music bars and open mic nights of the country, which makes Poland simply a great place to be playing music.

rat-playing-musical-instruments-6

Image by Incredible Things on incrediblethings.com

Here are names of some instruments in Polish:

accordion – akordeon
bagpipes – dudy
banjo – banjo
bassoon – fagot
brass instruments –  instrumenty dęte blaszane
castanets – kastaniety
cellist – wilonczelista
cello – wiolonczela
clarinet – klarnet
cymbals – cymbałki
double bass – kontrabas
drummer – perkusista
drums – perkusja
drumstick – pałeczka /do gry na bębnie/
flute – flet
gong – gong
guitar – gitara
guitarist – gitarzysta
harp – harfa
horn – róg
instrument – instrument
instrumental – instrumentalny
lute – lutnia
lyre – lira
mandolin – mandolina
mouth organ – harmonijka ustna
organ – organy
pianist – pianista
piano – fortepian/ pianino
play the piano – grać na pianinie
saxophone – saksofon
saxophonist – saksofonista
string – struna
tambourine – tamburyn
triangle – trójkąt
trombone – puzon
trumpet – trąbka
trumpeter – trębacz
violin – skrzypce
violinist – skrzypek
wind instruments – instrumenty dęte
zither – cytra