Case marking of nominal sentences Posted by aziza on Jun 29, 2019 in Arabic Language, Grammar
Case marking (الإعراب) is a very important grammatical concept in Arabic. In this post, we learn how to case mark nominal sentences.
The nominal sentence (الجملة الإسمية) is a sentence that begins by a noun or a pronoun. The nominal sentence has two main components: the subject (المبتدأ) and the predicate (الخبر). Both parts of the nominal sentence are nominative (مرفوع). Consider the following examples:
If the subject of the nominal sentence is a pronoun or a demonstrative, it has a fixed ending which does not change according to the case, although it is still nominative, e.g.
If the predicate of the nominal sentence is a prepositional phrase, it is marked as appropriate for a preposition and a genitive noun after it, e.g.
محمدٌ في الجامعةِ.
الطالبُ من السعوديةِ.
البنتُ في الحديقةِ.
If the predicate of the nominal sentence is a verb, it is marked as appropriate for a verb, e.g.
In sum, nominal sentences are made up of two parts, a subject and a predicate. Both parts are nominative. The nominative marking shows on them if they are nouns or adjectives. If one of them is a pronoun, it has fixed ending. If the predicate is a prepositional phrase or a verb, it is marked as appropriate for a prepositional phrase or a verb.