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Fisal’s Dictionary_”to build” Posted by on Oct 21, 2012 in Arabic Language, Culture, Current Affairs, Grammar, Language, Literature, Pronunciation, Vocabulary

     Today, we are going to go on a journey to the depths of the Arabic Dictionary in order to discover some of its secrets. We will look up the root verb بـَـنـَـى  and explore some of its derivatives.

* بـَــنــَـى   /bana/ [V. T.]: (something) = to build.    

                 Ex. – تبنى الحكومةُ مدارسَ جديدةً  = The government builds new schools.

* بــِــنـــَــاءْ   /binaa’/ [N. C. U.]: building / structure / construction / the act of building.

                     Ex. – هــذا بـنـاءٌ ضـخـمٌ = This is a huge building.  

* أبــْــنــِـــيــَــة   /abniyah/ [N. Pl.]: buildings / structures.

* مــَــبــْــنــَــى   /mab’na/ [N. C.]: building / structure / anything that is built.     

                      Ex. –  تكلف هذا المبنى أموالاً كثيرة  = This building cost a lot of money.

* مــَــبــَـــانــِــى   /mabani/ [N. Pl.]: buildings / structures.

* بــِــنــَـــايــَــة   /bi’nayah/ [N. C.]: building / structure, Pl. بــِــنــَــايـَـات

* بــِــنــَـــايــَــة   /bi’nayah/ [N. U.]: the building craft.

* بــَــنـــَّـــاءْ   /ban’naa/ [N. C.]: the person whose job is to build / builder.

                    Ex. – يذهبُ البـَـنــَّــاءُ إلى عملهِ مبكراً = The builder goes to his work early.

* بــُــنــْــيــَـــان   /bun’yan/ [N. U.]: building / structure / all what is built.

* بــِــنــْــيــَــة   /bin’yah/ [N. C.]: building / structure / form of building.

* تــَــبـَــنــَّى  /taban’na/ [V.T.] = (someone / something) = to adopt

                 Ex.تبنت الأسرةُ طفلاً يتيماً = The family adopted an orphan.

* الـتــَّــبـَــنــِّى  /attaban’ni/ [N. U.] = adoption

* اِبـْــن  /ibn/ [N. C.] = son

             Ex. – علىٌّ هو الابنُ الأكبر = Ali is the oldest son.

* أبــْــنــَــاء  /abnaa’/ [N. Pl.] = sons

* بــَــنــُـــون  /banoon/ [N. Pl.] = sons  

* اِبــْــنــَــة  /ibnah/ [N. C.] =  daughter.

* بــِــنــْــتْ  /bint/ [N. C.] = girl or daughter.

                 Ex. – منى هى الابنةُ / البنتُ الصغرى = Mona is the youngest daughter / girl.

* بــَــنــَــات  /ba’nat/ [N. Pl.] = daughters / girls.

* بــُــنــُــوّة  /bunu’owah/ [N. U.] = sonship / filiation / The trait of being a son.

– (Note: N.=Noun /C.= Countable / U.= Uncountable / V.= Verb / Ph. V. = Phrasal Verb / Adj.= Adjective / Adv.= Adverb / Prep.=Preposition / Pl.= Plural)

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Peace  ســلام /Salam/

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About the Author: Fisal

Well, I was born near the city of Rasheed or Rosetta, Egypt. Yes, the city where the Rosetta Stone was discovered. It is a small city on the north of Egypt where the Nile meets the Mediterranean. I am a Teacher of EFL.