Arabic Language Blog

Hospitality Politics in the Arab world: ‘Bas Ma-shrebti Shi!’ Posted by on Apr 5, 2017 in Culture

Hospitality Politics in the Arab world (Arabic coffee)


As is the case with most cultures all over the world, people tend to attach a specific social meaning to food. However, food has a far more special place in the Arab world. In addition to being symbolic of hospitality, serving food and eating together is a social ritual and plays a huge role in building relationships with strangers and friends alike. To Arabs, food is a form of entertainment and the most central element in any social gathering.

Social gatherings revolve around good food. For example, if I visit a close friend even for an hour or less, and I leave without eating or drinking anything, it is very likely that she’d say:

بَسْ مَا شْرِبْتِي شِي

Bas Ma-shrebti  Shi

which means >> (But you still haven’t drunk anything).


‘Bas   mā    šrib-ti                    šhī

But   not   drank-2SG (F)[1]     something


This phrase is an invitation for me to stay longer and have at least a drink. If anything, this shows that having a chat is not as great as when it is accompanied by food, or better preceded by it.

Food can also be a good way to start a relationship with a stranger or even a conversation opener. You might remember that Arab colleague or co-worker who keeps offering you food out of the blue, with a smile on their face. If an Arab offers you food and they insist that you have something, don’t worry, they are not trying to bribe you! Offering food is a polite gesture in the Arab world and a sign of endearment or just an indirect way of showing someone you care about them. So, an Arab’s way of getting to know someone better is usually to invite them to lunch or dinner. It is the mere act of eating together that is believed to be bringing people together.

There is a common phrase which Arabs use as an explanation for why they would like to invite someone. In the Levantine dialect, people say:

لَحَتَّى يْصِيْر بِينَّا خِبِزْ وْمِلْحْ

‘La hatta Yseer benna Khubz wa Milh’

which means (So we have bread and salt together). They are obviously not going to invite you over for bread and salt, but it is used metaphorically to mean that having food together is a nice way of breaking the ice and having a more relaxing chat together. It is also an ‘extra’ sign of respect to invite people to eat at one’s place and not at a restaurant as Arabs really appreciate homemade food and take pride in their traditional dishes.

Finally, food is sometimes (but not always!) used to handle difficult or awkward situations. If somebody wants to ask a big favour or maybe introduce or discuss a sensitive topic, inviting the other person for food first is usually a good way of making that discussion go slightly smoother.

[1] Second-person singular pronoun in the subjective case (Female)

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About the Author: Hanan Ben Nafa

Hi, this is Hanan :) I'm an Arabic linguist. I completed my PhD in Linguistics - 2018. My PhD thesis was entitled Code-switching as an evaluative strategy: identity construction among Arabic-English bilinguals. I'm also a qualified public service translator & interpreter.


  1. Syed moin doja:

    Really love reading your articles…thanks ..keep it up.

    • Hanan:

      @Syed moin doja Oh bless you! Glad you enjoyed reading this 🙂

  2. shabeer:

    good article

    • Hanan Ben Nafa:

      @shabeer Thank you 🙂