The Fronted Predicate Posted by Fisal on Dec 23, 2011 in Arabic Language, Grammar, Vocabulary
The Fronted Predicate الخبر الـمـُـقــدَّم
As we learned before that the general rule is that the Mubtada’ المبتدأ begins the nominal sentence. However, there are certain cases in which the predicate الخبر comes before the Mubtada’ and begins the nominal sentence. Today, we will be introduced to these cases.
* Cases of the Fronted Predicate :
1) If the predicate is Shibh Jomlah شبه جمله (e.g. preposition + Noun) and the Mubtada’ is definite معرفة . Here you can start with the predicate or the Mubtada’
Ex. – في التأني السلامةُ = In slowness safety is. (Fronted Predicate)
– السلامة ُ في التأني = Safety is in Slowness. (Normal order)
– لنا اللهُ = For us Allah is. (Fronted Predicate)
– الله ُ لنا = Allah is for us. ( Normal Order)
2) If the predicate is Shibh Jomlah شبه جملة and the Mubtada’ is indefinite نكرة . Here the predicate should be fronted.
Ex. – لـِـكـُـلٍ حقوقٌ = To everyone (there are) rights.
– على كـُـلٍ واجباتٌ = On everyone (there are) duties.
3) If the predicate is a word that should start a sentence like the question nouns أسماء الاستفهام , then the predicate (The question noun) should be fronted.
Ex. – ما الساعةُ ؟ = What is the time?
– متى الاجتماعُ ؟ = What time is the meeting?
– أين كتابـُـك؟ = Where is your book?
– كيف أنتَ ؟ = How are you?
4) If the predicate contains a pronoun ضمير that refers to the Mubtada’ , then the predicate should be fronted.
Ex. – للشاعرِ أسلوبُـهُ = To the poet (there is) his own style.
– لـِــكـُـلِّ فائز ٍ جائزتـُـهُ = To every winner his own prize.
So, all the above sentences are Nominal Sentences but with a fronted predicate.
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Peace سلام / Salam/
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