The Nominal Sentence: The Predicate (Al-Khabar) Posted by Fisal on Nov 24, 2011 in Arabic Language, Grammar, Vocabulary
The Predicate الخبر of the nominal sentence refers to the part that completes the meaning of the Subject. It tells us about the subject or gives us information about it.
Now what are the types of the Predicate (Khabar) ?
Types of the Khabar أنواع الخبر
The Khabar can be any of the following types:
1) A Singular Predicate خبر مفرد :
The Khabar can be a singualr noun which means that it is not a sentence nor a semi-sentence;
e.g. – الكتابُ صديقٌ = The book is a friend.
– النصرُ قريبٌ = Victory is near.
– الصحةُ نعمةٌ = Health is a blessing.
– الفريقان متنافسانِ = The two teams are rivals.
–الأمهاتُ رحيماتٌ = Mothers are merciful.
(Note that the Predicate here is the same in number and gender as its subject.)
2) A Sentence (Jomlah) جملة :
The Khabar can by itself be a sentence. This sentence of the Khabar has two types:
A) Nominal Sentence (Jomlah Ismiyah)جملة اسمية
It is that sentence that starts with a noun and a pronoun that refers back to the first subject (the Mubtada)
e.g. – الشعرُ أساسُهُ العاطفة = The essence of poetry is emotion. .
– السيارةُ سعرُها مرتفعٌ = The Price of the car is high.
B) Verbal Sentence (Jomlah fi’liyyah) جملة فعلية
The predicate can be a Verbal sentence which means that it can be a sentence that starts with a verb and a pronoun that must refer back to the first subject.
e.g. – السعادةُ تنبعُ من الداخلِ = Happiness arises from the inside.
– الولد يلعبُ الكرةَ = The boy is playing football.
– الرجلانِ شاركا فى الحرب = The two men participated in the war.
– المصريون يصنعون التاريخ – The Egyptians are making history.
(Note that the sentence of the predicate must contain a pronoun that must agree with the Mubtada in gender and number)
3) A Phrasal Predicate (Khabar Shib’h Jomlah) خبر شبه جملة :
This kind of predicate is that which contains a preposition or an adverb.
This Khabar often comes after the subject.
e.g. – الجنةُ تحتَ أقدامِ الأمهاتِ =Paradise is under mothers’ feet.
– كتابُك فى الحقيبةِ = Your book is in the bag.
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