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Ahlan أهــْــلاً Arabic lovers! In a previous post, we discussed the origins and meanings of the Arabic names of the weekdays. In today’s post, we are going to discuss the meanings of the Arabic names of months and where they came from. Before we explore the meanings and origins of these months’ names, let’s have a look at some facts about them:
1) Muharram مــُــحــرَّم
The name literally means “forbidden” and the Arabs used to abstain from any act of fighting, killing or aggression during this month (and during three other months called The Forbidden Months الأشــهــر الــحــُــرُم). It is the first month in the Arabic Hijri Calendar.
2) Safar صــَــفــَــر
Literally means “void” and the month was named like that maybe because pagan Arabs used to go on raids on other tribes emptying their homes or their opponents’ homes.
3) Rabi’ Al-Awwal ربــيـــع الأول
Literally meaning “the first spring” and the name happened to appear at the beginning of spring.
4) Rabi’ Al-Akhir ربــيـــع الآخــِــر
It means “the last spring”. The month is also called Rabi’ Al-Thani ربــيـــع الــثـــانــي which means “the second spring”. The reason for this reason is that because it was named at the end of spring season.
5) Jumada Al-Oula جــُــمــَــادَى الأولــى
Arabs came with this name to mark the first time when the land became parched or dry. Some say it was because of the summer heat while others say it was because of the winter cold.
6) Jumada Al-Akhirah جــُــمــَــادى الآخــِــرَة
Literally means “the last time of parched land”. It is the same meaning as the previous month but it marks the end of that time when the land becomes parched or dry. The month is also called Jumada Al-Thaniyah جــُــمــَــادى الــثــانــيـــة (The Second Jumada).
7) Rajab رَجــَــبْ
It is one of the Forbidden Months. Arabs took away their arrows from the bows and gave up any fight during those four months. It means “respect or honor”.
8) Sha’ban شــَــعــْـــبـــان
It was named like this because Arabs used to disperse in this month seeking water and grass.
9) Ramadan رَمــَــضــَــان
It literally means “burning” and was named at the hot season in the desert of Arabia. It is also the sacred month of fasting for Muslims.
10) Shawwal شــَـــوَّال
The name refers to what happens to the female camels when they are in calf. They become thinner and shorter in giving milk during that time of the year.
11) Dhu Al-Qi’dah ذو الــقــعــدة
It literally means “the one of truce”. Arabs sat in this Forbidden month and ceased fight.
12) Dhu Al-Hijjah ذو الــحــجــة
The literal meaning is “the one of pilgrimage”. It is the holy sacred and Forbidden month when Arabs and Muslims performed their Hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca.
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Peace ســـَـــلام /Salam/