Chinese Summer Vocabulary: Part 2 Posted by Ayana on Jun 29, 2021 in Vocabulary
Summer is a great season (季节 jì jié). It’s a season of vacations, leisure, and entertainment. The warm weather and the light clothes fill people with energy; the shining sun and the long hours of daylight encourage people to be active. But, nothing is perfect. Even summer brings with it some inconvenience (麻烦 má fan).
Sweat, for example. Sweat is our body’s way of cooling down, and although it’s a natural important process, it is not always so pleasant. It soaks our body, it steeps our clothes. It’s sticky and smelly.
The Chinese nouns for sweat is 汗水 (hàn shuǐ), or just 汗 (hàn). For example:
Tā zhàn zài wài miàn, hàn shuǐ shun zhe tā de bó zǐ liú xià.
He was standing outside, sweat running down his neck.
Jiàn shēn fáng lǐ, fú wù yuán dì jǐ rén men máo jīn, ràng tā men cā mǎn liǎn de hàn shuǐ.
In the gym, the attendant handed people towels to wipe the sweat from their faces.
Nóng mín de shēn shang liú tang zhe hàn shuǐ.
Sweat was dripping from the farmer’s body.
Tiān cái shì bǎi fēn zhī jiǔ shí jiǔ de hàn shuǐ hé bǎi fēn zhī yī de líng gǎn.
Genius is ninety-nine percent of sweat and one percent of inspiration.
The Chinese verbs to sweat are two-characters-verbs, assembled of a verb plus object. One of them consists of a related liquid verb: 流 (liú), meaning to flow. The other verbs share the meaning of coming out, emitting: 出 (chū, to come out); 冒 (mào, to give off). All of the above three verbs are followed by the object 汗 (hàn, sweat):
Tiān qì yán rè, jí shǐ bǎ fēng shàn kāi zhe, yě huì bù tíng dì chū hàn.
The weather is so hot, even when the fan is on, I still keep sweating.
Xià tiān, yì chū hàn de rén gāi chuān chún mián yī fú.
In summer, people who sweat easily should wear cotton clothes.
Zuó tiān zhōng wǔ, zài wài miàn dǎ yǔ máo qiú, wǒ men dōu mǎn miàn chū hàn.
Yesterday noon, we were all sweating while playing badminton outside.
Tā shēn tǐ bú shū fú, zhěng gè wǎn shàng dū zài liú hàn.
He doesn’t feel well, he was sweating all night.
Píng shí duō liú hàn, zhàn shí shǎo liú xuè.
Sweat more in peacetime and bleed less in wartime.
Zhì cí de shí hòu wǒ jiāo jí dé hún shēn mào hàn.
I was sweating with anxiety during the speech.
The extreme weather is not only unpleasant, it can also be very harmful. Heat stroke (中暑 zhòng shǔ), also known as sunstroke, is a serious form of heat injury. It results from prolonged exposure to high temperatures.
Yán xià shí, quán guó gè dì wú chù bù zài de gāo wēn tiān qì, hěn duō rén huì zhòng shǔ.
In the hot summer, many people suffer from heatstroke due to the high temperature weather all over the country.
When the sun is scorching it doesn’t require much to get a heatstroke. Even without working, hiking, exercising, or other physical efforts, long exposure to the sun can be harmful.
Zài yán rè de yang guāng dǐ xia dài le hěn róng yì yǐn qǐ zhòng shǔ.
Staying under the hot sun can easily cause a heat stroke.
One should definitely take precautions (防止 fáng zhǐ, 预防 yù fáng) against sunstroke:
The next video explains all about 中暑 (Chinese subtitles on screen):
Mosquitos are another summer inconvenience. They thrive in hot weather. As the temperature begins to rise, the mosquitos come out. They buzz, they bite, they spread diseases; they are tiny but very irritating. 蚊子 (wén zi) is the Chinese noun for mosquito.
Xià tiān wén zi duō le. Qì wēn zhú jiàn shēng gāo, wén zi kāi shǐ chǔn chǔn yù dòng. Méi yǒu rén xiǎng bèi wén zi ding le. Wén zi ding yǎo hǎo yǎng a. Ér qiě, wén zi kě yǐ chuán bò bìng yuan tǐ. Yīng gāi cǎi qǔ yī xiē fáng wén cuò shī: Wén zhàng, wén xiāng, bì wén jì, děng děng.
There are more mosquitos in the summer. As the temperature gradually increased, the mosquitos are ready to take action. No one wants to be bitten by a mosquito. A mosquito bite is quite itchy. Moreover, mosquitos can transmit pathogens. One should take some anti-mosquito measures: mosquito nets, mosquito coils, mosquito repellent, etc.
In spite of all of these inconveniences, I wish you all Happy Summer! Take care and enjoy your vacation.
Build vocabulary, practice pronunciation, and more with Transparent Language Online. Available anytime, anywhere, on any device.