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Taking the Beijing Subway Posted by on Jan 29, 2018 in grammar, subway, travel, Vocabulary

When it comes to getting around Beijing, you just can’t beat the subway. The traffic on the city’s busy streets can be horrendous, making traveling by bus or taxi painfully slow. Head underground and you’ll seriously cut the commute time. Just try to avoid the subway during rush hour if you can, as it can be so crowded that you’ll be squished in like a sardine. In this post about taking the Beijing subway, we’ll learn a little about the Chinese capital’s extensive subway network as well as pick up some useful vocabulary and phrases.

An Intro to the Beijing Subway

The Beijing subway map is huge! Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-SA 3.0)

The Beijing subway is the oldest metro network in China. It opened way back in 1969 and has expanded rapidly, especially in recent years. The Beijing subway is composed of 22 different lines and 370 stations. You can go just about everywhere in the sprawling metropolis by subway. There are lines going east-west, north-south, and a few that make a full loop around the important ring roads. There’s also a special line going to and from the airport. Even people living out in the sticks are connected to the city by subway. Expansion continues, with no apparent end in sight.

It’s currently the second largest metro system in the world after Shanghai. While Shanghai beats it out in size, nobody tops Beijing when it comes to usage. The Beijing subway had 3.65 billion trips in the year 2016, making it the busiest in the world. Previously, the subway had a flat fare of 2 RMB regardless of distance traveled. This resulted in massive losses for the companies that run the subway network, so it should come as no surprise that this system changed. Fares now start at 3 RMB and go up based on distance traveled, maxing out at 10 RMB. If you’re using the subway often, a good idea is to buy a special card that you can load up with credit. Once you’ve spent more than 100 RMB in a month, you’ll receive credits for the next month.

Subway Vocabulary

Taking the Beijing subway is difficult if you don’t speak Chinese. Let’s start out with some useful vocabulary for riding the subway.





dì tiě
dì tiě zhàn
huàn chéng zhàn
xià yí zhàn
yī zhāng piào
yī kǎ tōng
yī hào xiàn
jī chǎng kuài guǐ
rù kǒu
chū kǒu
yuè tái
shàng/xià chē
zuò wèi
dào le
gāo fēng shí jiān
zhù yì ān quán
subway station
transfer station
the next station
one ticket
Line 1
Airport Express
get on/off the train
rush hour
be careful

These are all words that you’ll need in your quest to ride the Beijing successfully using Chinese. Once you’ve got those down, it’s time to start putting them to use.

Common Expressions

Taking the Beijing Subway

Beijing subway during rush hour. Can you spot the two 老外?

For a bit of a challenge, here are some common expressions that you’ll use when taking the Beijing subway:

qǐng wèn, dì tiě zhàn zài nǎ’er
Excuse me, where is the subway station?

zhè lǐ fù jìn yǒu dì tiě zhàn ma
Is there a subway station near here?

wǒ yào yī zhāng piào
I’d like one ticket.

yī zhāng piào duō shǎo qián
How much is a ticket?

wǒ kě yǐ mǎi yī kǎ tōng ma
Can I buy a subway card?

nǐ kě yǐ huàn chéng èr hào xiàn zài dōng zhí mén zhàn
You can transfer to Line 2 at Dongzhimen Station.

jī chǎng kuài guǐ zài sān yuán qiáo zhàn
The Airport Express Line is at Sanyuanqiao.

xià yí zhàn shì guó mào zhàn, qǐng yǐ qián zuò hǎo zhǔn bèi
The next stop is Guomao Station, please get ready beforehand.

xiǎo xīn zhàn tái kòng xì
Please mind the gap.

qǐng wèn, wáng fǔ jǐng zhàn zài nǎ’er
Excuse me, is this Wangfujing Station?

wǒ men yīng gāi yòng nǎ ge chū kǒu
Which exit should we use?


Take a peak at the Beijing subway in this short video. It’s an oldie but goodie – I made it way back in 2010 when I was but a young lao wai. There are many more subway lines now, but the crowds still remain!

Now I just have one question for you…

nǐ xǐ huān zuò běi jīng dì tiě ma? wèi shén me?
Do you like riding the Beijing subway? Why?

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About the Author: sasha

Sasha is an English teacher, writer, photographer, and videographer from the great state of Michigan. Upon graduating from Michigan State University, he moved to China and spent 5+ years living, working, studying, and traveling there. He also studied Indonesian Language & Culture in Bali for a year. He and his wife run the travel blog Grateful Gypsies, and they're currently trying the digital nomad lifestyle across Latin America.

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